Pakistan Facts
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Pakistan Facts

Pakistan, known officially as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populated country in the world. See the fact file below for more information about Pakistan.

Capital
Islamabad

Population
144,616,639 (July 2001 est.)

Area
803,940 sq km, slightly less than twice the size of California

Government
Federal republic

Money
Pakistani rupee (PKR)

Climate
Mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Language
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%,
Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English
(official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%