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Table of Contents
There are so many paths open when pursuing a career as a scientist. The thorough research that led to scientists’ different inventions made people’s life more comfortable.
See the fact file below for more information on Scientist or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Scientist worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Humans are naturally curious.
- Science is a systematic body of knowledge and a process of obtaining new knowledge by observing and performing experiments.
- From around 3000 to 1200 BCE, the earliest evidence of science was found in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
- In early times, people who studied and observed nature were referred to as natural philosophers.
- In the 19th century, William Whewell coined the term scientist.
- The three major branches of modern science are natural science, social science, and formal science.
A Scientist’s Work
- Scientists believe that everything in the world has a natural explanation.
- They thoroughly research, gather data, and perform necessary experiments to gain a deep understanding of things.
- They study and further knowledge in a specific area and only draw conclusions supported by evidence.
The Scientific Method
- A scientific method is an essential tool by scientists to support and prove answers to their questions.
- It is a process where they collect data and evidence through observation and experimentation.
- The steps in the scientific method are:
- Make an observation
- Formulate questions
- Make your hypothesis
- Test your hypothesis through experiments
- Analyze your data
- Make a conclusion and report results
Types of Scientists
- There are several types of scientists, and careers vary depending on the chosen specialization.
Here are some of the most common types of scientists:
- They are experts who study human behavior and its aspects.
- They are scientists who study plants.
- They are scientists who focus on astronomy.
- They are experts who focus on the study of the Earth.
- They are scientists who study animals.
- They study ancient and existing human activities through remains.
- They are scientists whose work involves the weather.
- They are experts in the field of physics.
- Political Scientist
- They focus on the theory and operations of the government and political systems.
Qualities of a Scientist
- The skills needed for a scientist depend on their chosen field.
- Generally, here are the qualities that a scientist must at least have.
- Detail-oriented and has a great sense of accuracy
- Project management skills
- Analytical skills
- Communication skills
- Apart from these skills, a scientist’s attitude must include curiosity, honesty, responsibility, open-mindedness, and discipline.
- An ancient Greek philosopher, regarded by many as the first scientist in history.
- LOUIS PASTEUR
- He made several contributions to science, such as fermentation, pasteurization, and vaccines.
- ALBERT EINSTEIN
- One of the most famous people in science is Albert Einstein.
- He is considered the greatest physicist who made several discoveries, such as the theory of relativity and the famous equation E = mc2.
- NIKOLA TESLA
- An engineer and a physicist who made significant contributions, such as the Tesla coil and the first alternating-current electricity.
- MARIE CURIE
- She was famous for her work relating to radioactivity and made contributions to curing cancer.
- SIR ISAAC NEWTON
- He was known for several discoveries, including the three laws of motion.
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about Scientist across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use worksheets that are perfect for teaching about Scientists who thoroughly research, gather data, and perform necessary experiments to gain a deep understanding of things.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Career: Scientist Facts
- Guess the Scientist
- Famous Scientists
- Right Formula
- Scientific Method
- Practicing a Profession
- I Can Be a Scientist
- The Scientist I Want to Be
- Future Job
Frequently Asked Questions
Who are the most famous scientists?
Some of the world’s most famous scientists include Aristotle, Louis Pasteur, Albert Einstein, Nichola Tesla, Marie Curie, Stephen Hawking, and Isaac Newton, to name some.
What does a scientist do?
A scientist is a researcher that conducts experiments to gather data and prove or disprove a theory about the physical world using empirical facts.
Where do scientists work?
A scientist can work in a number of places, depending on what kind of scientist they are. Some work in a laboratory, others can be out in the field gathering and studying data. Some scientists work with data only and be found in offices, classrooms, lecture halls, and universities.
Who can be called a scientist?
Any person who systematically gathers and analyses data and uses research, testing, and evidence to prove or disprove a theory can be considered a scientist. They are also part of a larger community that shares their findings and knowledge and learns from others.
What are the most common types of scientists?
There are hundreds of disciplines that a scientist can find themselves part of. Some examples include astronomy, botany, environmental scientist, geologist, meteorologist, microbiologist, paleontologist, archaeologist, zoologist, and many more!
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