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Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practiced for a number of reasons, such as self-defense; military and law enforcement applications; competitions; physical, mental, and spiritual development; entertainment; or the preservation of a nation’s intangible cultural heritage.
See the fact file below for more information on the Martial Arts or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Martial Arts worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
ORIGINS OF MARTIAL ARTS
- Martial arts are codified practices and traditions of training for combat, and the objective is to defeat a person physically or to defend from any physical threat.
- Historically, martial arts began as humans learned about combat and warfare. This is shown from various archeological evidences, such as Ancient Egyptian paintings dating back to 3400 B.C.
- Ancient Mesopotamia (Babylon) also shows struggle in poems and reliefs.
- Also, throughout Europe, there was an extensive system of combat martial arts, referred to as Historical European martial arts.
- The Native Americans also have a tradition of open-handed martial arts, such as wrestling.
- The foundation of modern Asian martial arts is said to be a combination of early Chinese – during the Warring States Period – and Indian martial arts.
- The development in martial philosophy and strategy was described by Sun Tzu in The Art of War (c. 350 B.C.)
ARMED vs. UNARMED MARTIAL ARTS
- Armed martial arts involve melee weapons from traditional weaponry, including Fencing, Gatka, Kendo, Silambam, and Kali.
- Modern weaponry includes Eskrima, Jogo do Pau, and Jukendo.
- Unarmed martial arts include:
- Punching – boxing (Western), Wing Chun
- Kicking – capoeira, savate, Taekwondo
- Other strikes (e.g. elbows, knees, open-hand) – Muay Thai, karate, Shaolin Kung Fu
- Throwing – glima, judo, jujutsu, sambo, Shuai Jiao
- Joint lock – aikido, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Hapkido
- Pinning Techniques – judo, wrestling
TRADITIONAL vs. CONTEMPORARY MARTIAL ARTS
- Traditional martial arts is much more in depth at every level of training: physical, spiritual, and ethical. It focuses on lifelong practical study and practice that is about life and how you behave in it.
- It is much more about fighting and using all your senses and physical prowess in a very powerful and controlled manner.
- Contemporary martial arts still embrace the concept of traditional, however, some are about how to get the job done the fastest way possible.
- Sports fighting is generally for entertainment, while military-style martial training is generally used for combat.
PURPOSES OF MARTIAL ARTS
- Martial arts is a combat-oriented sport commonly enjoyed for fun, exercise, and competition. The motions taught are designed to defend strikes and attack with strikes, not necessarily in that order.
- However, devoted martial artists recognize other purposes of martial arts:
- Japanese and Chinese styles of martial arts focus on the non-physical aspects of combat, such as strategizing and outwitting an opponent.
- True martial artists avoid unnecessary conflicts by all means and do not take combat lightly.
- Buddhist monks in China integrate martial arts into the understanding of plants for therapeutic and healing purposes.
- Korean martial arts place emphasis on the practitioner’s spiritual and philosophical development.
- Some people also learn martial arts for self defense. It is a defensive method that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm.
- It also promotes sportsmanship, as many of the traditional and contemporary martial arts became part of formal and entertainment sports.
- Olympic events include karate, Taekwondo, boxing, fencing, wushu, judo, etc.
- Entertainment martial arts include wrestling and boxing.
MARTIAL ARTS IN POPULAR CULTURE
- Asian Martial Arts became famous in the West in the 1970’s.
- The resurgence of martial arts schools was fueled by movies, like the ones starring Bruce Lee, that reached Hollywood.
- Hollywood has also participated in the genre, with actors such as Chuck Norris, Sho Kosugi, Jean-Claude Van Damme, Steven Seagal, and many others.
- Later in the 90s, cartoon and animated films also adopted martial arts.
- Mortal Kombat and Fist of the Northstar are popular game, anime, and movie franchises that encompassed martial arts audiences.
- Female martial arts heroes also emerged in the movies Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon; Kill Bill; Reign of Assassins; Come Drink with Me; etc.
- DreamWorks Animation has found success in the martial arts animation movie franchise with Kung Fu Panda, starring Jack Black and Angelina Jolie.
Martial Arts Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Martial Arts across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Martial Arts worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Martial arts which are codified systems and traditions of combat practiced for a number of reasons, such as self-defense; military and law enforcement applications; competitions; physical, mental, and spiritual development; entertainment; or the preservation of a nation’s intangible cultural heritage.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Different Arts
- Dress Like a Warrior
- The Oldest Martial Art
- Discipline of a Martial Artist
- Power Packed!
- Mixed Martial Arts
- One Hit Art!
- Graceful Warriors
- Choosing Self-Defense
- Martial Arts on Film
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Link will appear as Martial Arts Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 1, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.