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Table of Contents
Mythical creatures possess supernatural abilities that are beyond normal reality. From clumsy giants and mischievous gremlins to fearsome chimeras and enchanted fairies, mythical creatures have stimulated humans’ imaginations throughout the world and through history.
See the fact file below for more information on the mythical creatures or alternatively, you can download our 27-page Mythical Creatures worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Traditional mythology gave way to the belief that some mythical creatures – such as dragons or unicorns – existed. Greek mythology featured creatures that have a significant connection to the gods.
- Mythical creatures were usually included in children’s stories – fairy tales.
- Others originated from real creatures, while some have actually existed in the ancient times, such as the giant squid.
- They are often a combination of parts of two or more animals, chimeras, or a mix of a human and one or more other creatures.
- Beast-like creatures were mostly an overstatement, exaggerated to produce tales that were more exciting.
- Most possess supernatural powers (good and evil) that bare no physical explanation.
BIRDS AND SERPENTS
- Basilisk. Referred to as the king of the serpents, a basilisk is believed to cause death with a single glance. It might also be an incarnation of any form of evil or Satan as the “ancient serpent” who tempted Eve in the book of Genesis.
- Chinese Dragon. Also known as the Oriental (or Eastern) dragon, Chinese Dragons are popular for their long, serpentine, wingless body with an anthropomorphic face, complete with a beard. This creature is believed to be a spiritual emblem of heavenly power.
- Dragon. A gigantic and powerful serpent with magical or spiritual characteristics, dragons are iconic for their powerful fire-breathing abilities. They were also assumed to be associated with evil supernatural forces and the main enemy of humanity.
- Feng-huang. Sometimes known as the Chinese Phoenix, a feng-huang served as an indication of summer and spiritual balance, together with the dragon, qilin, and tortoise. Some believed that it was the sacred union of male (feng) and female (huang). Others regarded the Feng-huang as a female body in relation with the male dragon.
- Firebird. A large, magical glowing bird from a distant kingdom, firebirds originated from the Slavic legends. They have a vibrant plumage that glows and emits red, orange, and yellow light. They are also believed to be both a blessing and a bringer of bad luck to its captor.
- Phoenix. Originated from the religious and naturalistic symbolism in ancient Egypt, a Phoenix is a bird with a plumage of colors corresponding to fire: red, orange, yellow, and gold. It is believed that when a Phoenix dies in its own fire, it will soon rise again from the ashes.
- Ziz. A creature from Jewish mythology, a Ziz is a bird, giant enough to block the sun with its wide wingspan. It is also the counterpart of the large creature in land, Behemoth, and in water, Leviathan.
- Lake monsters, also called Loch monsters, are large mysterious animals seen in freshwater, although science and research has not yet proven their existence.
- Nessie of Loch Ness is the most popular of these creatures.
- There are five famous lake monsters in America: Camp of Lake Champlain, Bessie of Lake Erie, Chessie of Chesapeake Bay, Ogopogo of Lake Okanagan, and Nahuelito of Nahuel Huapi.
- Two of these creatures were reported in Asua: Lake Tianchi Monster of Heaven Lake, and Ishii of Lake Ikeda.
- Behemoth. A primordial monster of the land, Behemoth, together with Leviathan, is believed to hold a battle at the end of the world, finally killing each other, and the remaining men will feed on their flesh.
- Leviathan. A primal unconquerable monster of the waters, Leviathan is a sea monster mentioned in the Old Testament.
CHIMERAS AND HYBRIDS
- The Chimera is a dreadful creature composed of different animals. Hybrids are a mix of humans and animals and/or birds, as well as other humanoid creatures.
- Catoblepas. A legendary Ethiopian creature, a Catoblepas has the head of a hog, which is always pointing downwards, and the body of a buffalo with scaly skin on its back. People believed a Catoblepas’ stare or breath can kill or turn them into stone.
- Griffin. Guardians of secretly buried wealth, the Griffin has the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. It is also considered to be a symbol of strength and valor.
- Hippogriff. Considered to be the child of a male griffin and a mare (female horse).
- Pegasus. Famous flying horse from Greek mythology, a Pegasus symbolizes beauty and majesty, a guide for humans towards the realm of the spirits. After its death, it was transformed into a constellation, which was named after it.
- Unicorn. One of the most admired mythical creatures, a unicorn has a body of a horse, but with a single, spiral horn protruding on its forehead. Unicorns are believed to be an emblem of purity and beauty.
- Vegetable Lamb of Tartary. Believed to be a mythical plant of Central Asia that grew sheep as its fruit, connected to the plant by an umbilical cord.
- Adlet. Also called Erqigdlet, an Adlet has a dog’s legs and a human’s upper body.
- Centaur. Half human and half horse, a Centaur is a mythical creature from Greek mythology. They are described as a head and torso of a man with his waist attached to the horse’s withers.
- Faun. Believed to be forest spirits that guide or hinder humans, Fauns are adapted from Greek and Roman mythology. They are part human, part goat, with a goat’s horns on the human’s head.
- Gorgon. Possessing the ability to turn people into stone through eye contact, Gorgons were three beautiful yet dangerous female creatures that were famous for having heads of coiled snakes. Medusa, the only mortal, is the most popular of the three gorgons.
- Harpy. Winged-beasts sent down to earth as a punishment, Harpies were known as the “hounds of Zeus”. They were bird-like creatures with heads of a human being.
- Manticore. Believed to be related to a Sphinx, Manticores have a head of a man with horns, gray or blue eyes, sharp teeth, and a body of a red-furred lion.
- Mermaid. An aquatic creature with the head and upper limbs of a female and a fish-like tail, a mermaid was believed to sing and enchant sailors, luring them to their death. A male mermaid is known as a merman.
- Minotaur. Part man and part bull, a Minotaur was a creature in Greek mythology, known for being locked in the center of a complex maze (labyrinth).
- Siren. Similar to mermaids, Sirens lured sailors to their death. They lived in secluded islands surrounded by rocky cliffs.
- Sphinx. Valued by cultures as guardians of knowledge, a sphinx has different physical features, but usually a mix of two or more animals, and some are part-human and part-animal.
- Tengu. A Japanese word which means “heavenly dog”, Tengu is similar to a dog-like Chinese demon named Tiangou. They are the most familiar Yokai, supernatural spirits, in Japanese legends. These Asian goblins are watcher spirits of the mountains, feared yet respected.
- Banshee. Premonitions of death and messengers of the afterlife, banshees are spirits that originated from Irish and Scottish folktales.
- Brownie. A mythical house spirit in Scotland and Northern England, a brownie is believed to appear in houses, helping humans do their chores at night, in exchange for small rewards or food.
- Dwarf. Originated from Norse mythology, dwarves are short and sturdy creatures, and were believed to be miners, engineers, and craftsmen.
- Elf. Small tricksters who lived in forests and other natural places, elves have supernatural powers which could be used for healing (good) and sickening (evil).
- Fairy. A spirit from the medieval Western European folklore and romance, a fairy is used to distinguish any mythical creature that looks like a human being.
- Gnome. Very small old men wearing pointed hats, gnomes lived underground and in dark places. They usually help plants, animals, and sometimes, humans. Others remain in forests, hoarding treasures and staying hidden.
- Goblin. Often believed to be evil, greedy, or mischievous, goblins are mythical creatures who bring nothing but trouble to humans. Originating from European folklore, goblins roam the earth in various shapes and sizes, each with different kinds of abilities.
- Gremlin. Known to be mischievous and destructive, gremlins are fictional reptile-like creatures that sabotage aircraft or any other machinery. Since World War II, gremlins bring nothing but mischief and mayhem to people, especially to pilots.
- Leprechaun. Originated before the arrival of the Celts, leprechauns are impish fairies in Irish folklore. They are small bearded men, usually wearing a green hat and a green coat.
- Ogre. Unintelligent and clumsy, ogres are loathsome creatures, notorious for terrorizing villages and eating humans, especially infants and children. They are mostly featured in classic works of literature to instill good behavior in children.
- Orc. Barbaric and hostile humanoids, orcs are commonly seen as the most violent of all mythical creatures. They belong to the side of evil, possibly some fallen angels that were cast out of Heaven, or the devil’s soulless creation.
- Sasquatch. Most commonly known as Bigfoot, saasquatch is a primate-like creature found in the forests of North America.
- Troll. Humanoid creatures who live deep in the forests of Scandinavia, trolls are monstrous beings, sometimes with magic powers.
- Valkyrie. They are a group of female warriors who choose who will die in a war. They are the deathless einherjar (lone fighters) who are willing to fight for their god, Odin, during the eschaton (Ragnarok).
- Vampire. Sometimes referred to as reincarnated corpses who suck human blood, vampires have sharp teeth (fangs) and pale skin, having the inability to cast their own shadow or reflection.
- Werewolf. A person who turns into a Gray Wolf or any wolf-like creature, werewolves were known as a threat to people.
- Wendigo. A cannibalistic spirit which could live in a human’s body, a wendigo is a cold-weather creature whose name means “evil that devours”.
- Yeti. Also referred to as the Abominable Snowman, a yeti is believed to have ape-like features, living in the mountain ranges of the Himalayas.
Mythical Creatures Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mythical Creatures across 27 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Mythical Creatures worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the mythical creatures which possess supernatural abilities that are beyond normal reality. From clumsy giants and mischievous gremlins to fearsome chimeras and enchanted fairies, mythical creatures have stimulated humans’ imaginations throughout the world and through history.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Mythical Creatures Facts
- Mystical Creature Search
- Classify That Creature
- Group Yourselves
- Mythical Creatures in Europe
- Birds and Serpents
- Lake Monsters
- My Own Mythical Creature
- Legendary Comics
- A-Z Challenge
- Scary Creatures in Your Area
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.