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The Annapurna Massif, also known as the Annapurna Himal, is located in the Himalayas, on the North-Central part of Nepal. A massif is defined as a compact group of mountains, and is distinctly separate from other mountain groups. The main mountain called Annapurna I is the tenth highest peak in the world and considered the most difficult peak to climb.
See the fact file below for more information on the Annapurna Massif or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Annapurna Massif worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- “Annapurna” is known to be a female sanskrit name that means “(She who is) abundant of food.”
- “Annapurna” is usually translated as the “Harvest Goddess.”
- The entire Annapurna massif is 7,629 square kilometers wide.
- It is protected and known as the Annapurna Conservation Area, the first and largest conservation area in Nepal.
- It is popularly known as a homeplace for world-class treks, such as the Annapurna Circuit trek and Base Camp trek.
- The top of Annapurna is made of limestone like Mount Everest.
- Its limestone peak strengthens the theory that the mountain was formed on the ocean floor and gradually pushed up by tectonic plates to its present state.
- The massif consists of thirty peaks in total, varying in height.
- One peak is over 8,000 meters or 26,000 feet.
- Thirteen peaks have the height of 7,000 meters or 23,000 feet.
- Sixteen more peaks are as high as 6,000 meters or 20,000 feet.
- There are seven prominent peaks existing on the Annapurna Massif: Annapurna I Main; Annapurna II; Annapurna III; Annapurna IV; Gangapurna; and Annapurna South.
- Some of the less prominent peaks of the Annapurna Massif are: Annapurna I Central, Annapurna I East, Annapurna Fang, Khangsar Kang, Tarke Kang, Lachenal Peak, and Tilicho Peak, to name a few.
FRENCH ANNAPURNA EXPEDITION OF 1950
- The first climbing expedition conducted on the Annapurna Main I was the “French Annapurna Expedition” of 1950.
- The expedition was led by the french mountaineer Maurice Herzog and they reached the peak on June 3, 1950.
- Other members of the expedition team were: Lionel Terray, Gaston Rébuffat, Marcel Ichac, Jean Couzy, Marcel Schatz, Jacques Oudot, and Francis de Noyelle.
- It was then the highest summit attained or reached by mountaineers for three years.
SUBSEQUENT CLIMBING EXPEDITIONS
- In 1970, led by Don Williams and Dougal Haston, the south face of the Annapurna was first climbed with the use of supplementary oxygen.
- In the same year, a British Expedition led by Chris Bonington, a team member and alpinist, Ian Clough, was killed during the descent by a falling serac.
- The first expedition to climb the Annapurna I summit done by the United States was done on 1978 and was led by Arlene Blum.
- Blum and her team members Vera Komarkova, Irene Miller, Sherpas Mingma Tsering, and Chaweng Ringjing reached the summit on October 15, 1978.
- The second summit team from the United States, Alison Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz and Vera Watson, died during the climb.
- On October 2007, the first solo climb of the summit was done by the Slovenian mountaineer Thomas Humar.
- The Annapurna Peaks are also known for its history of accidents, this is because they are one of the most dangerous mountain peaks to climb.
- Statistics from March of 2012 recorded 61 fatalities out of 191 summit ascents of the Annapurna I Main.
- In a category of eight-thousanders, or peaks having the height of 8000 meters, the Annapurna I Main has the highest fatality-to-summit ratio.
- Geographically speaking, it is said that the climb from the south face of the mountain is the most difficult and dangerous way to climb it.
- Located 40 km to the north of Pokhara, the Annapurna Sanctuary is a high-glacial basin.
- The Annapurna Sanctuary is a plateau, oval in shape, and is surrounded by the Annapurna Range.
- The Annapurna Sanctuary is located at 4,000 meters altitude, and the range surrounding it is 7,000 meters wide.
ANNAPURNA CONSERVATION AREA
- The Annapurna Conservation Area is the largest protected area in Nepal. It ranges from an altitude of 790 m to the peak of Annapurna I, at 8,091 m (26,545 ft).
- It stretches across the Manang, Mustang, Kaski, Myagdi, and Lamjung areas.
- It includes the Annapurna Sanctuary and is known for its popular trekking areas, such as the Annapurna Circuit.
- Tilicho Lake is one of the highest lakes in the world, flowing at an altitude of 4,919 meters.
- It is located in the Manang District.
- It is one of the popular areas to trek on the Annapurna Circuit.
Annapurna Massif Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Annapurna Massif across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Annapurna Massif worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Annapurna Massif, also known as the Annapurna Himal, which is located in the Himalayas, on the North-Central part of Nepal. A massif is defined as a compact group of mountains, and is distinctly separate from other mountain groups. The main mountain called Annapurna I is the tenth highest peak in the world and considered the most difficult peak to climb.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Annapurna Massif Facts
- Annapurna Infographic
- Harvest Goddess
- Expedition Timeline
- Peak A Boo
- Climbing Comparison
- Annapurna Areas
- Annapurna Apparel
- Reminders For Climbers
- Chosen Path
- The Climb
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Link will appear as Annapurna Massif Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 26, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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