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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of all the oceans in the world. It has an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers (41,100,000 square miles). It divides the Old World and the New World. It comprises almost 20 percent of the Earth’s surface.
See the fact file below for more information on the Atlantic Ocean or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Atlantic Ocean worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The Atlantic Ocean’s name originated from the Greek word “Atlantikos.”
- “Atlantikos” and “Atlantic Ocean” were just used for the North Atlantic Ocean until the middle of the 19th century.
- Among all the oceans in the world, the Atlantic Ocean is regarded to be the youngest.
- The Atlantic Ocean came into existence around 130 million years ago when the Americas, Africa, and Europe began to separate from each other.
Geography and Climate
- The Atlantic Ocean is bordered in the north by the Arctic Ocean, Southern Ocean in the south, and Indian Ocean in the southeast.
- The Puerto Rico Trench is the lowest point in the Atlantic Ocean. It is eight and a half thousand meters deep. It can be found near the borderline of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
- The Atlantic Ocean is divided by the Equator into two regions which are the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic.
- The North Atlantic Ocean separates Europe and the Americas which are called the “Old World” and the “New World.”
- The North Atlantic is informally dubbed as “The Pond” by the Irish and the British, thus the idiom “across the pond.”
- There’s a big area in the South Atlantic Ocean called the “Roaring Forties” which can be found between the tips of South America and South Africa.
- The Atlantic Ocean is where the popular Bermuda Triangle can be found. This is where many ships, airplanes, and boats are believed to have wrecked or oddly vanished.
- With a salt level that spans from anywhere between 33 to 37 parts every thousand. The Atlantic Ocean is the world’s saltiest sea.
- The average depth of the Atlantic Ocean is 10,000 feet.
- The climate of the Atlantic Ocean is both cold and hot.
- The Panama Canal, which is a manmade link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean has its opening located in the Caribbean Sea.
- The Atlantic Ocean is six times the overall area of the entire United States.
- The Atlantic Ocean is the world’s most productive fishing grounds. Some of the main species of fish that are captured include mackerel, cod, haddock, and herring.
- The Atlantic Ocean has a huge number of natural petroleum deposits and gas fields.
- The South Atlantic Ocean used to be called the Aethiopian Sea until the mid-1800s.
- The Sargasso Sea, which is dubbed as the world’s only sea without a shore, is found entirely within the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Atlantic Ocean surrounds a total of 91 countries. Most of them are found in the Caribbean (27 countries) and Africa (27 countries).
- The Atlantic is so deep that scientists have to operate with sonar waves to survey its ocean floor.
- A mountain range called Mid-Atlantic Ridge is found underwater in the Atlantic Ocean and runs for 10,000 miles.
- Greenland a has total land area of 2.16 million square kilometers making it the biggest island in the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Atlantic Ocean was the first ocean to have been successfully traveled across by ship and airplane.
- Icebergs commonly form from February to August in the northwestern Atlantic, Denmark Strait, and Davis Strait.
- Surtsey is the only island in the Atlantic Ocean that was formed through volcanic activity in 1963. The island is now deemed a World Heritage Site.
- In 1938, a species of fish that is believed to have been extinct for nearly 60 million years, the coelacanth, was caught in the South Atlantic Ocean.
- Early civilizations were scared of cruising across the Atlantic Ocean. The belief back then was that the earth was flat and the Strait of Gibraltar was the end of the earth.
- The Atlantic Ocean has four trenches that flow further than the ocean’s average depth of 10,000 feet. These trenches are called the Puerto Rico Trench, the Laurentian Abyss, the Romanche Trench, and the South Sandwich Trench.
- Tropical cyclones that arise in the Atlantic Ocean are the ones that cause hurricane season every year. These hurricanes affect Central America, eastern USA, and some areas of the Caribbean.
- Amelia Earhart is known as the first woman to have traveled across the Atlantic Ocean by airplane. She achieved this venture in 1928.
- The sinking of the Titanic in 1912 happened in the Atlantic Ocean.
Atlantic Ocean Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Atlantic Ocean across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Atlantic Ocean worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of all the oceans in the world. It has an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers (41,100,000 square miles). It divides the Old World and the New World. It comprises almost 20 percent of the Earth’s surface.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Atlantic Ocean Facts
- Locate the Waters
- Atlantic Word Search
- Defining the Atlantic
- Special Names
- Fishing For Drawings
- Amelia Adventures
- Bermuda Warning
- Trench Talk
- Defining Terms
- The Atlantic Song
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Link will appear as Atlantic Ocean Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 26, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.