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The Dnieper River is the fourth longest river in Europe and the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus. It flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, to the Black Sea. In ancient times, the river was an important barrier that divided Ukraine into right and left banks. At the present time, the river is noted for its dams and hydroelectric stations. Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine and is connected via the Dnieper–Bug Canal to other waterways in Europe.
See the fact file below for more information on the Dnieper or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Dnieper worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The name Dnieper can be derived either from Sarmatian Dānu apara “the river on the far side” or from Scythian Dānu apr (Dānapr) “deep river.”
- In the languages of the three countries it has essentially the same name, albeit with different pronunciations: Ukrainian-Dnipro, Russian-Dnepr, Belarusian-Dnyapro.
- The river is mentioned by the Ancient Greek historian Herodotus as Borysthenes.
- The river is normally divided into three parts; the upper Dnieper as far as Kiev, the middle Dnieper from Kiev to Zaporizhzhya (Ukraine), and the lower Dnieper from Zaporizhzhya to the mouth.
- The total length of the river is given as 1,333 miles or 2,201 km (1,368 mi), of which approximately 300 miles are within Russia, 430 miles are within Belarus, and 680 miles are within Ukraine.
- Due to its sizeable length, the Dnieper River has as many as 32,000 tributaries. The main ones are, from its source to its mouth, the Sozh, Desna, Trubizh, Bilozerka,Drut, Berezina, and Prypiat Rivers.
- There are six sets of dams and hydroelectric stations, which produce 10% of Ukraine’s electricity.
- These are Kiev Hydroelectric Station, Kaniv Hydroelectric Station, Kremenchuk Hydroelectric Station, Middle Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Plant, Dnieper Hydroelectric Station, and Kakhovka Hydroelectric Station.
- The first constructed was the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station (or DniproHES) near Zaporizhia, built between 1927 and 1932 with an output of 558 MW.
- Under natural conditions, Dnieper had high flows during the spring and fall and low flows during the summer and winter; but dams have adjusted this, the river now has pronounced high flows in spring, diminishing flows in summer, and low flows from September to March.
- The average annual flow of the river at is 59,000 cubic feet per second; for individual years, the variations in runoff can be considerable.
- The average annual air temperature is 41 °F (5 °C) in the upper part of the basin, 45 °F (7 °C) in the middle (near Kiev), and 50 °F (10 °C) in the lower reaches of the Dnieper.
- The mean precipitation for the entire basin is about 27 inches with about half falling as rain during the summer and fall.
PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE
- In the upper course the plankton consist mainly of diatom and protococcus algae, rotifers, and Bosmina. Blue-green algae come from the mouth of the Pripet. In its lower course the amount of plankton decreases sharply under the influence of the reservoirs.
- Meanwhile, there are more than 60 species of fish that live in the Dnieper. Commercially important species include pike, roach, chub, ide, rudd, rapfen, tench, barbel, alburnum, golden shiner, goldfish, carp, catfish, burbot, pike perch, perch, and ruff. In the spring the lower Dnieper serves as a habitat for migratory and semi migratory fish such as sturgeon, herring, roach, and others. The reservoirs have been stocked artificially with fish of commercial importance, including whitefish, pike perch, golden shiner, and carp.
- During ancient times the Greeks referred to the river as the Borysthenes. In the 4th and 5th centuries various routes along the Dnieper were developed in order to link members of the Slavic population with those inhabiting the Baltic or Mediterranean areas thus enabling commercial and cultural exchange.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Dnieper across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Dnieper worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Dnieper River which is the fourth longest river in Europe and the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus. It flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, to the Black Sea. In ancient times, the river was an important barrier that divided Ukraine into right and left banks. At the present time, the river is noted for its dams and hydroelectric stations. Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine and is connected via the Dnieper–Bug Canal to other waterways in Europe.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Dnieper Facts
- Unique Dnieper
- All About Dnieper
- Word History of Dnieper
- Dniepr Hydro-Power
- Aquatic Flora and Fauna
- Physical Feature
- River Flows
- The Tributaries
- Borysthenes Facts
- Save The River
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Link will appear as Dnieper Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 6, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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