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Europe is the second smallest continent in the world. It only has a land area of 4 million square miles. Many of the most prominent empires were established on this continent such as British, Roman, Russian, and Spanish Empires.
See the fact file below for more information on the Europe or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Europe Continent worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Etymology and Background
- The name of the continent originated from the Greek word “eurus”, which means wide. There are other theories on where the origin of the word Europe came from. One of them is that it came from the Ancient Syrian word “ereb”, which means sunset.
- There are over 250 different languages spoken throughout this continent.
- This continent is a part of Eurasia, a massive continental landmass which is composed of Europe and some parts of Asia.
- Eurasia has both the largest and smallest country in the world.
- Europe played a significant part in history, especially in the Renaissance period and the Industrial Revolution.
- The largest country in the world (Russia) can be partly found on this continent. Russia is both a part of Europe and Asia.
- The smallest country in the world, Vatican City, can also be found on this continent.
- The current population of Europe is approximately 740 million people, which comprises 12% percent of the global population.
- Hecataeus and Anaximander were the first people to use the word Europe as a term in geography.
- The continent is made up of 50 countries, and 28 of those are a part of the European Union.
- The largest city in Europe is Moscow, which is located in the largest country in the world, Russia.
- The largest island in the world is Greenland which is closer to North America than Europe.
- The longest river in Europe can also be found in Russia, and is called the Volga River which is 3,692 meters in length.
- The highest mountain in Europe is also located in Russia. It is called Mount Elbrus which is 5,642 meters high.
- The most widespread religion on the continent is Christianity, which is followed by 76% of Europe’s population.
- The city with the highest number of people is Istanbul, which is located in Turkey. It has a population of 14.5 million people.
- Nuuk, which is the capital city of Greenland, has the least-densest population in the world.
- This is the continent with the highest Gross Domestic Product.
- In 2017, Norway was named as the country with the happiest people.
- 44 percent of the wine that is produced globally comes from this continent.
- There are 18 countries that use the same currency, which is Euro.
- Great Britain was the starting point of the Industrial Revolution.
- There was a theory that the Mediterranean Sea was a desert in ancient times.
- A lot of the world’s most influential leaders came from Europe, such as Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler.
- On November 1, 1755, an earthquake occured in Lisbon, Portugal which killed thousands of people.
- This continent also has the highest toilet in the world, which can be found at the top of Mont Blanc at an elevation of 13,780 feet.
- The world’s longest name for a town can also be found in this continent. It’s called Lanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantsyiliogo, which is found in Wales.
- The start of World War I happened in this continent when Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914.
- Bonanno Pisano is the one responsible for the architecture of the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
- World War II was started by Germany when it attacked Poland.
- The famous Colosseum in Rome was built by Emperor Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty. He was also the last in the “Year of the Four Emperors”.
- The largest producer of bananas in Europe is Spain.
- The tower in which Big Ben is located is called the Elizabeth Tower.
- Georgia is where the oldest hominid in Europe was found. It is said to be almost 2 million years old.
- Parthenon, which can be found in Greece, is said to have been built for their patron Athena. The construction of the ancient temple started in 447 B.C.
- The Old St. Peter’s Basilica was built by the initiatives of Roman Emperor Constantine I. It was reconstructed in the 15th century. This is also where the tomb of St. Peter is located.
- In the 15th century, Spain and Portugal were the greatest naval powers. They were known for their many exploration feats during that time.
- This continent is also where a lot of great leaders emerged, such as Napoleon Bonaparte, who led many successful battles during the French Revolution.
Europe Continent Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Europe across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Europe Continent worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Europe which is the second smallest continent in the world. It only has a land area of 4 million square miles. Many of the most prominent empires were established on this continent such as British, Roman, Russian, and Spanish Empires.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Europe Facts
- European Countries Search
- Most Loved Sports by Europeans
- Most Popular Cities in Europe
- Languages in Europe
- It Starts with the Capital
- Natural Wonders of Europe
- People are Called as
- Let us do some Census
- Did you know that?
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Link will appear as Europe (Continent) Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 7, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.