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See the fact file below for more information on the Grand Canyon or alternatively, you can download our 22 page Grand Canyon worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
History of the Grand Canyon
- The first group of people to inhabit the Grand Canyon were the Ancient Puebloans, which were a Native American culture who are sometimes referred to as the “Anasazi”.
- Many other cultural groups lived in and around the Grand Canyon including the Cohonina, the Sinagua, the Hualapai, the Havasupai, and several others.
- The first Spanish explorers to arrive in the area were with Captain Garcia Lopez de Cardenas in September of 1540.
- More than 200 years later, in 1776, two Spanish Priests by the names of Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante ventured to the Grand Canyon.
- During their trip, they were looking for a route from Santa Fe to California.
- There were waves of different people who explored the Grand Canyon throughout the 19th century.
- In 1908, the Grand Canyon became a national monument. Shortly after, in 1919, it became an official national park.
- There have been many worries over the Grand Canyon’s ecosystem and the threat of predators over the years.
- Some issues that face the Grand Canyon include mining claims, the noise pollution caused by tourism-related flights, water rights disputes, and many other environmental and administrative challenges.
Weather and Climate of the Grand Canyon
- The weather and climate changes depending on where in the Grand Canyon you go.
- The higher you go, the more likely you will be to encounter cooler temperatures and snowfall. Conversely, along the Colorado River (which runs through the Inner Gorge of the Canyon), a drier and more arid climate exists.
- Temperatures vary throughout the year; some temperatures in the gorge can exceed 37 degrees celsius, whereas along the canyon’s rims, temperatures can sometimes fall below freezing.
- The amount of rain also varies depending on the location.
- These extreme weather conditions affect tourists who visit the Grand Canyon, and can sometimes lead to dehydration, hypothermia, and other conditions if travelers are not prepared.
- Aside from the occasional dust storm or forest fire, the Grand Canyon’s air quality is said to be among the cleanest in the United States.
- Urban fires, vehicle emissions, road dust, sulfate emissions, and other sources contribute to the quality of the air as well.
Flora and Fauna in the Grand Canyon
- There are thousands of known plants, animals, fungi, flowers, and marine life that inhabit the Grand Canyon.
- Due to the high elevation change from the Colorado River to the North Rim, there is a large variety of vascular plants, fungi, moss, and lichen that exist.
- Natural seeps and springs found on the canyon walls help to preserve the various plant species in the Grand Canyon, and provide them with nourishment.
- Plants growing in full sunlight mirror plants that would likely be found in desert areas, whereas plants that exist in the shadows of the canyon resemble plants that you might find in more northerly areas of the world.
- There are several ecosystems that exist within the Grand Canyon:
|Zone||Animals that live there||Plants that live there|
|Lower Sonoran||Canyon tree frog, coyotes, mollusks, mule deer, bighorn sheep, black flies, beetles, scorpions, rattlesnakes, black widows, tarantulas||Rosebud, stream orchid, coyote willow, arrowweed, creosote bush, blackbrush|
|Upper Sonoran & Transition||California condors, porcupines, black bear, elk, gray fox, Utah tiger salamander, shrews, rock squirrels, peregrines||Blackbrush, sagebrush, acacia, catclaw, Indian ricegrass, snakeweed|
|Canadian & Hudsonian||Various squirrels, mountain lions, northern goshawks, Kaibab deer, cougars, bobcats, deer, turkey||Douglas fur, aspen, mountain ash, perennial grasses, white fir, blue spruce|
Grand Canyon Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the world heritage site Grand Canyon across 22 wonderful pages. These are ready-to-use Grand Canyon worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Grand Canyon which can be found in the state of Arizona in the United States. It is located in Grand Canyon National Park as well as many Indian Reservations.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Grand Canyon Facts.
- Tourism Poster.
- Protecting the Grand Canyon.
- Grand Canyon Crossword.
- A Grand Mix-Up!
- The California Condor.
- A Dangerous Drop.
- Grand Canyon Wordsearch.
- A Picture Says 1000 Words.
- True or False?
- What Makes You Beautiful.
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Link will appear as Grand Canyon Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 8, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.