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Lhotse, Nepali L’hōtsē and Tibetan lho rtse, is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 27,940 ft or 8,516 meters, after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. Lhotse is a mountain massif in the Himalayas on the border of Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. It is connected to the latter peak via the South Col.
See the fact file below for more information on the Lhotse or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Lhotse worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- In Tibetan, Lhotse means “South Peak.”
- It consists of three summits: the main summit at 8,516 meters (27,940 ft) above sea level, and smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) at 8,414 m (27,605 ft) and Lhotse Shar at 8,383 m (27,503 ft).
- Lhotse is located immediately south of Mount Everest, to which it is joined by a ridge at an elevation of about 25,000 feet (7,600 meters). It is often considered part of the Everest massif.
- E1 was the original survey symbol, denoting Everest 1, for the mountain, given by the Survey of India in 1931.
- Norman Dyhrenfurth, German-Swiss-American mountaineer and filmmaker, headed the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, an early attempt on Lhotse.
- It also included two Austrians (cartographer Erwin Schneider and Ernst Senn) and two Swiss (Bruno Spirig and Arthur Spöhel), and was the first expedition in the Everest area to include Americans (Fred Beckey, George Bell, and Richard McGowan). The Nepalese liaison officer was Gaya Nanda Vaidya. They were accompanied by 200 local porters and several climbing Sherpas.
- After a brief look at the dangerous southern approaches of Lhotse Shar, they turned their attention, during September and October, to the Western Cwm and the northwest face of Lhotse, on which they achieved an altitude of about 8,100 meters (26,600 ft). They were beaten back by unexpectedly strong wind and low temperatures.
- The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger on May 18, 1956, from the Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse Expedition. On May 12, 1970, Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter of Austria made the first ascent of Lhotse Shar.
- Lhotse Middle remained the highest unclimbed named point on Earth for a long time.
- On May 23, 2001, ultimately the Lhotse Middle first ascent was made by astonishing people Eugeny Vinogradsky, Sergei Timofeev, Alexei Bolotov and Petr Kuznetsov with a Russian expedition.
- The Lhotse usual standard climbing route follows the same track laid down for walking as Everest’s South Col route going up to the Yellow Band beyond Camp 3. After the Yellow Band, the routes diverge with climbers bound for Everest taking a left over the Geneva Spur up to the South Col, while Lhotse climbers take a right further up the Lhotse face. The last part to the summit leads through the narrow “Reiss couloir” until the Lhotse main peak is reached.
- By December 2008, three hundred seventy-one (371) climbers had reached the summit of Lhotse, while 20 among them died during their attempt.
- In 2016, Ang Furba Sherpa died from a fall while working on the Lhotse mountain to set ropes.
- Due to this series of horrendous incidents, there were no summits that happened at Lhotse in 2014, 2015, or 2016. However, it was summited again in May 2017.
- Lhotse Face is known as the western flank of Lhotse.
- Any climber bound for the South Col on Everest must climb this 1,125 meter or 3,690 ft wall of glacial blue ice.
- The Lhotse face rises at 40 and 50-degree pitches with the occasional 80-degree bulges.
- High-altitude climbing Sherpas and the lead climbers will set fixed ropes up this wall of ice. Climbers and porters need to establish a good rhythm of foot placement and pulling themselves up the ropes using their jumars.
- Yellow Band and the Geneva Spur are the two rocky sections that interrupt the icy ascent on the upper part of the face.
- Ang Furba Sherpa, the high-altitude mountain worker, died on May 19, 2016, when he slipped and fell down to the Lhotse face.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Lhotse across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Lhotse worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Lhotse, Nepali L’hōtsē and Tibetan lho rtse, which is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 27,940 ft or 8,516 meters, after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. Lhotse is a mountain massif in the Himalayas on the border of Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. It is connected to the latter peak via the South Col.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Lhotse Facts
- Unique Lhotse
- All About Lhotse
- Vocabulary Time
- The Top Five Things
- Early Attempt
- Lhotse People
- Lhotse Symbol
- The Three Summits
- Lhotse Timeline
- Reaction Paper
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Link will appear as Lhotse Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 2, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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