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See the fact file below for more information on Machu Picchu or alternatively, you can download our 22 page Machu Picchu worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.
History of Machu Picchu:
- Machu Picchu dates back to 1450, during the period when Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui and Tupac Inca Yupanqui ruled the area.
- In the Quechua language, an Indigenous language native to people living in the Andes and highlands of South America, the word Machu means “old”, and Picchu translates to “peak”.
- The people who lived at Machu Picchu were immigrants with very different backgrounds and heritage.
- Animals from other areas in the region traveled to Machu Picchu as well, as animal bones found at the site were not native to the area.
- The estate was only used for about 80 years, at which point, the Spanish Conquests forced it to be abandoned.
- Ironically, the Spanish never actually found Machu Picchu!
- Over hundreds of years, dense jungle began to overgrow onto Machu Picchu; not many people realized it existed until explorers and other people “rediscovered” it many centuries later.
- Major excavation of Machu Picchu occurred in 1912 after an American historian and explorer by the name of Hiram Bingham was led there by a local farmer.
- When he arrived, much of the ruins were covered with vegetation, aside from areas that farmers were using as vegetable gardens.
- During the excavation, Bingham and his team found several unique artifacts including Inca stonework, Incan knives, and other objects.
- He took these artifacts back to America to study further.
- About 30% of Machu Picchu had been restored by 1976, and the efforts to continue restoration are ongoing.
Geography and Construction of Machu Picchu:
- Machu Picchu can be found in South America in the Southern Hemisphere. It is close to 8,000 feet above sea level.
- The nearest major city is Cusco, which is 50 miles away.
- Machu Picchu experiences both wet and dry seasons, receiving most of its precipitation between October and April.
- The Urubamba River wraps around the site on three sides, therefore Machu Picchu experiences the mist that rises.
- The actual city of Machu Picchu is situated between two mountains – Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu.
- The site of Machu Picchu is divided into an urban section and an agriculture section, and into an upper and lower town.
- You can find temples in the upper town; the temple to the right is called the Temple of the Sun.
- Machu Picchu’s construction was adapted to fit the demanding needs of being situated within the mountains.
- The Incas used the infamous “Intihuatana” stone as a sort of clock or calendar.
- Terraces were built in order to drain water, prevent erosions and flooding, and prevent water from running down the mountain, as pictured to the right.
- The Inca developed various methods to deal with problems and challenges that their location provided them.
Architecture of Machu PIcchu:
- The Incas were known for their fine masonry.
- Stones were precisely cut, and there was generally no need for mortar to fill any gaps, as the stones fit closely enough together.
- The Incas had a very extensive road system with many links between short crossroads and main highways.
- One of the most well-known characteristics of Incan architecture was their use of terraces for a variety of purposes.
- The terraces could prevent landslides, protect city centers, and increase the amount of land available for farming.
Animals and Plants of Machu PIcchu:
- Some animals you might find at Machu Picchu include llamas, alpacas, the Andean Condor, and the Pato de Torrente (also known as the Stream Duck), among many others.
- Popular flowers and plants that can be found at Machu Picchu include heliconia, the sanchezia, the brugmansia, honeysuckle, begonia, and many more.
- The most popular plant species known to Machu Picchu is the Orchid.
Machu Picchu Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about the world heritage site Machu Picchu across 22 wonderful pages. These are ready-to-use Machu Picchu worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Machu Picchu which is a 15th-century icon of Inca civilization, located in Peru, South America. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is considered to be a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary, as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Machu Picchu Facts.
- Fantastic Farmers!
- Machu Picchu Crossword.
- Llamas and Alpacas.
- Social Media Profile.
- A World of Beauty.
- Sketching Stone.
- Machu Picchu Quiz.
- Machu Picchu Wordsearch.
- Climbing Machu Picchu.
- Opinion Paragraph.
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Link will appear as Machu Picchu Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 21, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.