Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano located in Tanzania, Africa. It is famous for being the highest mountain in Africa and is one of the ‘Seven Summits’ of the World. See the fact file below for more information on Mount Kilimanjaro:
• Mount Kilimanjaro is 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) high.
• It is located in the Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania, near to the country’s border with Kenya.
• Kilimanjaro is part of the East Africa Rift Valley mountains.
• Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano made up of 3 volcanic cones: Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo. Shira and Mawenzi are extinct and cannot erupt again, but Kibo is dormant and may erupt in the future.
• The last time Kilimanjaro erupted was over 150,000 years ago.
• The largest volcanic cone is Kibo, and measures over 15 miles wide.
• Kilimanjaro is the highest volcano outside of South America.
• Around 1000 square kilometers of Kilimanjaro is forest.
• Elephants and buffaloes can be found on the lower levels and foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro.
• The summit of Kilimanjaro is covered with glaciers and snowcaps, although these have retreated in recent years. Around 80% of the snow has disappeared in the last 100 years.
• The first people to climb Mount Kilimanjaro were Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller on October 6th, 1889.
• Before 1889, many different people attempted to ascend Mount Kilimanjaro but failed due to bad weather, snow and ice.
• The fastest ever ascent and descent of Kilimanjaro took just 6 hours and 42 minutes, when Karl Egloff ran to the top of the mountain and back.
• The oldest person to climb Kilimanjaro was an 87-year-old French man.
• The are 7 official routes for climbing Kilimanjaro, named Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Mweka, Rongai, Shira and Umbwe. The easiest route is Rongai.
• Many people have died climbing Kilimanjaro due to falls and high altitude sickness.
• Around 25, 000 people climb Mount Kilimanjaro each year, but only 2/3 of these actually reach the summit.
• There is a wooden box at the top of Kibo where climbers can leave notes about their ascents.
• The average temperature at the summit of Mount Kilimajnaro is -7°C (19°F).
• Snowfall on Kilimanjaro is common in November and March to May.
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Link will appear as Mount Kilimanjaro Facts & Information: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 1, 2015