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Nanga Parbat, locally known as Diamer, is the ninth-highest mountain in the world at 8,126 meters above sea level. Located in the Diamer District of Pakistan’s Gilgit Baltistan region, Nanga Parbat is the western anchor of the Himalayas.
See the fact file below for more information on the Nanga Parbat or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Nanga Parbat worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Nanga Parbat, also called Diamir, is one of the world’s tallest mountains, 26,660 feet (8,126 meters) high, situated in the western Himalayas 17 miles (27 km) west-southwest of Astor, in the Pakistani-administered sector of the Kashmir region.
- The mountain’s steep south wall rises nearly 15,000 feet (4,600 meters) above the valley immediately below, and the north side drops about 23,000 feet (7,000 meters) to the Indus River.
- British Alpine climber Albert F. Mummery led the first attempt to ascend the glacier- and snow-covered mountain in 1895, but died during the attempt.
- At least 30 more climbers (mostly German-led) also perished on Nanga Parbat because of the severe weather conditions and frequent avalanches before Austrian climber Hermann Buhl reached the top in 1953.
THE RUPAL FACE
- The Rupal Face on the mountain’s southern flank is considered the world’s highest mountain face, rising 15,090 feet (4,600 meters) from its base to the icy summit of Nanga Parbat.
- Albert Mummery described the wall:
“The astounding difficulties of the southern face may be realized by the fact that the gigantic rock-ridges, the dangers of the hanging glacier and the steep ice of the north-west face—one of the most terrifying faces of a mountain I have ever seen—are preferable to the south face.”
THE KILLER MOUNTAIN
- Nanga Parbat is considered the second-hardest 8,000-meter peak after K2, the second-highest peak in the world, as well as one of the most dangerous.
- After 31 people died attempting to climb Nanga Parbat before its first ascent in 1953, it was nicknamed the “Killer Mountain”.
- Nanga Parbat is the third-most dangerous 8,000-meter peak with a death rate of 22.3 percent of climbers dying on the mountain.
- By 2012, there had been at least 68 climber deaths on Nanga Parbat.
MUMMERY’S TRAGIC ATTEMPT
- The first attempt to climb Nanga Parbat was in 1895 by Alfred Mummery’s group, who reached an elevation of 6,100 meters on the Diamir Face.
- Mummery and two Gurkha climbers died in an avalanche while doing a reconnaissance of the Rakhiot Face, ending the expedition.
THE FIRST ASCENT
- The first ascent of Nanga Parbat was a solo climb by the legendary Austrian climber Hermann Buhl on July 3, 1953.
- Buhl, after his companions turned back, reached the summit at seven o’clock in the evening and was forced to bivouac standing up on a narrow ledge, dozing fitfully with his hand clasping a lone handhold.
- After a calm, windless night, he descended the next day without his ice axe, which he inadvertently left on the summit, and with only one crampon, reaching high camp at seven in the evening after a 40-hour climb.
- Buhl also climbed without extra oxygen and is the only person to have made the first ascent of an 8,000-meter peak solo.
- Buhl’s route up the Rakhiot Flank or East Ridge has been repeated only once, in 1971 by Ivan Fiala and Michael Orolin.
ALPINE STYLE IN RUPAL FACE
- In 2005, Americans Vince Anderson and Steve House climbed the Central Pillar of the Rupal Face in five days and then took two days to descend.
- Their alpine-style ascent is one the boldest Himalayan ascents to date.
- Steve House described this first ascent: “Summit day was physically one of the hardest days I have ever had in the mountains. We had climbed for five days with very limited chance for recovery.
- Fortunately, the weather was perfect. But I was not sure that we would succeed until we arrived just below the south summit at over 8,000 meters and could see the last easy meters to the top.”
- An attack on June 23, 2013 at Nanga Parbat Base Camp by 15 to 20 Taliban terrorists dressed as Gilgit paramilitary officers killed 10 climbers, including a Lithuanian, three Ukrainians, two Slovakians, two Chinese, a Chinese-American, a Nepali, a Sherpa guide, and a Pakistani cook, totaling 11 victims.
- The militants came in the night, rousing the climbers from their tents, then tying them up, taking their money, and shooting them.
Nanga Parbat Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Nanga Parbat across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Nanga Parbat worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Nanga Parbat, locally known as Diamer, is the ninth-highest mountain in the world at 8,126 meters above sea level. Located in the Diamer District of Pakistan’s Gilgit Baltistan region, Nanga Parbat is the western anchor of the Himalayas.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Nanga Parbat Facts
- Give Me Five
- Nanga Par-basics
- Nanga Puzzle
- Killer Mountain
- Jumbled Words
- Featuring Nanga
- Nanga Words
- Mummery Notes
- Word Creator
- What I’ve Learned
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Link will appear as Nanga Parbat Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 10, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.