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Saint Petersburg is a Russian port city adjacent to the Gulf of Finland, and is also the second-largest city in Russia, founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1703. It is known as one of the most modern cities in Russia, and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.
See the fact file below for more information on theSaint Petersburg or alternatively, you can download our 23-page World Heritage Sites: Saint Petersburg worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
History of Saint Petersburg
- In 1703, Peter the Great founded St. Petersburg as he was searching for a seaport that could be available year-round in order to trade with Europe.
- It was built quickly, and its first brick building was the Peter and Paul Fortress, located on Hare Island.
- The city was built by Russian peasants and Swedish prisoners of war, many of whom died while it was being constructed.
- St. Petersburg was the capital of Russia for a little over 200 years, from 1712-1918, and was commonly referred to as the “Venice of the North” due to its various network of canals, streets, and quays.
- The Decembrist revolt in 1825, which saw a protest against Tsar Nicholas I’s assumption of the throne, took place in Peter’s Square in St. Petersburg.
- As a result of the emancipation of the serfs (people who were bound under the feudal system to perform agricultural labor on his lord’s estate) in 1861 and the Industrial Revolution in the 1880s, many former peasants began moving into St. Petersburg and contributed to the city’s expansion.
- The Russian Revolution of 1905, which included worker strikes, unrest, and political and social unrest, began in St. Petersburg.
- In 1914, the city was renamed Petrograd.
- The end of the Tsarist government came as a result of the October Revolution in 1917, when the Bolsheviks (led by Vladimir Lenin) stormed the Winter Palace and demanded the transfer of all political power to the Soviets.
- This marked the rise of the Communist Party, and earned St. Petersburg its title of “the city of three revolutions”.
- As a result of bomb threats from German troops in September and October of 1917, the Soviets transferred the government to Moscow on March 12, 1918 to keep it away from the state border.
- On January 26, 1924, Petrograd was renamed again to Leningrad.
- During World War II, German forces bombarded Leningrad shortly after the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. It was known as the Siege of Leningrad.
- The siege was one of the longest and most lethal sieges of a major city in modern history. It cut off food supplies, resulting in over 1 million civilians perishing from starvation.
- Many parts of Leningrad were rebuilt after the war and included more urban development, as well as the opening of the Leningrad Metro underground transit system, which opened in 1955.
- Upon the breakup of the Soviet Union, Leningrad was renamed St. Petersburg in 1991, and it has federal status within the Russian Republic.
Geography of Saint Petersburg
- St. Petersburg is located in the northern part of Russia, on the shores of Neva Bay and the Gulf of Finland.
- The area is known to flood, as many parts of St. Petersburg are at, or only slightly above, sea level.
- St. Petersburg is classified as having a humid continental climate; summers are usually warm, humid, and short, and winters are moderately cold and usually wet.
- Although its northern location would make you think otherwise, the Gulf of Finland makes winters typically warmer than Moscow’s.
Architecture & Culture of Saint Petersburg
- There are more than 200 museums in St. Petersburg, and many of them are situated in historic buildings.
- Notable museums include the Hermitage Museum, the Russian Museum, the Kunstkamera, the Russian Ethnography Museum, and the Russian Railway Museum.
- St. Petersburg is home to many notable musicians of various genres, as well as new movements in popular music and an excellent film and theatre scene.
- St. Petersburg has a world famous tradition in literature, with notable writers such as Dostoyevsky, Blok, and Pushkin, who wrote about the effect of life in St. Petersburg, urban legends, and ghost stories, stemming from the city’s rich and fascinating history.
- The architecture in St. Petersburg is rich and historical, and its buildings are of a baroque and neo-classical style.
- Notable landmarks include the Trinity Cathedral, Hotel Astoria, the Mariinsky Theatre, and Decembrist’s Square, which boasts a bronze sculpture of a horseman, which is a monument to Peter the Great.
World Heritage Sites: Saint Petersburg Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Saint Petersburg across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use World Heritage Sites: Saint Petersburg worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Saint Petersburg which is a Russian port city adjacent to the Gulf of Finland, and is also the second-largest city in Russia, founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1703. It is known as one of the most modern cities in Russia, and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Saint Petersburg Facts.
- Peter the Great Biography.
- Pros & Cons – Russian Circus.
- True or False?
- Playing Tourist.
- Match-Up Activity.
- Saint Petersburg Wordsearch.
- Linking St. Petersburg.
- Dissecting a Photo.
- Saint Petersburg Crossword.
- The Grand Maket of Russia.
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Link will appear as Saint Petersburg Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 25, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.