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Table of Contents
The Volga River is the longest river in Europe (nearly 2,300 miles long), flowing through forests, steppes, and cities in Central Russia and emptying into the Caspian Sea. It is an extremely important river to many countries and cultures, and is symbolic in Russian culture, literature, and folklore of the past.
See the fact file below for more information on the Volga River or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Volga River worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HUMAN HISTORY OF THE VOLGA
- The Volga River was known to Ptolemy (an Egyptian astronomer, mathematician, and geographer) and to other Slavic people and geographers in the 10th and 11th centuries.
- The flow of the Volga, its length, and other investigations were largely conducted between the 1600s and the late 1800s.
- The area that exists downstream of the Volga is believed by historians and scholars to have been the cradle of the Proto-Indo-European civilization.
- It is believed that Turkic, Persian, Slavic, Germanic, Finno-Ugric, and other ancient tribes inhabited the areas around the Volga.
- The Volga River played a vital role in the movements of peoples from Asia to Europe, and also served as an important trade route that connected Scandinavia and Finno-Ugric areas to Slavic, Turkic, Germanic, and other tribes in the Arab world.
- Many great and successful empires flourished along the Volga River, but were eventually broken up and conquered by Russians in the 16th century.
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VOLGA
- The Volga is the longest river in Europe and is almost entirely located inside of Russia, belonging to the closed basin (a basin that allows no outflow into other external bodies of water) of the Caspian Sea.
- The Volga has several tributaries that flow through an area of about 521,000 square miles in the most heavily populated part of Russia – the most important tributaries are the Kama, Oka, Vetluga, and the Sura.
- The Volga drains most of Western Russia and provides irrigation and hydroelectric power to the people who live there.
- The fertile river valley of the Volga provides wheat and rich mineral sources to Russia, as well as a spot where petroleum industries are located.
- The Volga is divided into three parts: the upper Volga (where it is a small stream through the Valdai Hills), the middle Volga (where the river begins to swell due to the inflow of rivers at Tver), and the lower Volga (where it passes through valleys and lowlands and swells further and becomes a mighty river).
- The Volga is fed by snow, underground water, and rainwater, but before it was regulated by reservoirs it was characterized by high spring floods.
RANDOM FACTS ABOUT THE VOLGA
- The climate of the Volga basin is different depending on where along
the river you are.
- Around its source, the climatic zone is cold and snowy in the winter, and warm and humid in the summer.
- Toward the east and south of the river, temperatures increase and there is less precipitation.
- The upper and middle courses of the Volga begin freezing at the end of
November and breaks up mid-March.
- The Volga Delta (pictured to the right) and the Caspian Sea are fishing
grounds, with the city of Astrakhan (found at the delta) being the center of the caviar industry.
- Other resources that are aided by the presence of the Volga River include natural gas, salt, and potash.
Volga River Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Volga River across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Volga River worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Volga River which is the longest river in Europe (nearly 2,300 miles long), flowing through forests, steppes, and cities in Central Russia and emptying into the Caspian Sea. It is an extremely important river to many countries and cultures, and is symbolic in Russian culture, literature, and folklore of the past.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Volga River Facts
- The Battle of Stalingrad
- Volga River Crossword
- River Vocabulary
- See, Think, Wonder
- Volga River Wordsearch
- Historical Opinion Piece
- Map Comprehension
- Settlement Timeline
- What Rivers Do For Us
- Volga Acrostic
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Link will appear as Volga River Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 23, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.