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Table of Contents
Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding).
See the fact file below for more information on the dyslexia or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Dyslexia worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
DEFINITION and CAUSES OF DYSLEXIA
- The International Dyslexia Association defines dyslexia as:
- A specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.
- These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.
- Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”- dyslexiaida.org
- As shown in the image above, dyslexia is a neurological issue, and it can run in families. It is not the result of poor teaching, instruction, or poor upbringing.
- Risk factors of dyslexia include:
- A family history of dyslexia or other learning disabilities
- Premature birth or low birth weight
- Exposure during pregnancy to nicotine, drugs, alcohol, or infection that may alter brain development in the fetus
- Individual differences in the parts of the brain that enable reading. – mayoclinic.org
- Problems occur for those who suffer dyslexia:
- A child with dyslexia may have trouble keeping up with peers because of a limited ability to read – a skill basic to most other school subjects.
- Social problems. Left untreated, dyslexia may lead to low self-esteem, behavior problems, anxiety, aggression, and withdrawal from friends, parents, and teachers.
- Problems as adults. The inability to read and comprehend can prevent a child from reaching his or her potential as the child grows up. This can have long-term educational, social, and economic consequences. – mayoclinic.org
TYPES OF DYSLEXIA
- Primary dyslexia: This is the most common type of dyslexia, and is a dysfunction of the left side of the brain or cerebral cortex and does not change with age. Those who receive appropriate educational intervention may be academically successful.
- Secondary or developmental dyslexia: This is caused by problems with brain development during the early stages of fetal development. However, it diminishes as the child matures.
- Trauma dyslexia: This occurs after a brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing.
- Visual dyslexia: Sometimes used to refer to visual processing disorder, this is a condition in which the brain does not properly interpret visual signals.
- Auditory dyslexia: This refers to auditory processing disorder. Similar to visual processing disorder, there are problems with the brain’s processing of sounds and speech.
- Dysgraphia: This refers to the child’s difficulty holding and controlling a pencil so that the correct markings can be made on the paper.
SYMPTOMS OF DYSLEXIA FOR CHILDREN
- Common signs and symptoms of dyslexia on children include:
- Delayed early language development
- Problems recognizing the differences between similar sounds or segmenting words
- Slow learning of new vocabulary words
- Difficulty copying from the board or a book
- Difficulty with learning reading, writing, and spelling skills
- A child may not be able to remember content, even if it involves a favorite video or storybook.
- The child may appear to be uncoordinated and have difficulty with organized sports or games.
- Difficulty with left and right is common, and often dominance for either hand has not been established.
- Emotionally, children may become withdrawn and appear to be depressed.
- They may also begin to act out, drawing attention away from their learning difficulty.
- Problems with self-esteem can arise, and peer and sibling interactions can become strained.
- These children may lose their interest in school-related activities and appear to be unmotivated or lazy.
- The emotional symptoms and signs are just as important as the academic and require equal attention. -medicine.net
SYMPTOMS of DYSLEXIA for TEENS and ADULTS
- Some common dyslexia signs and symptoms in teens and adults include:
- Difficulty reading, including reading aloud and a tendency to avoid it, even in summarizing a story
- Difficulty in spelling, memorizing, reading, and writing
- Mispronouncing names or words, or problems retrieving words
- Trouble understanding jokes or expressions such as idioms
- Spending an unusually long time completing tasks that involve reading or writing
- Difficulty doing math problems – mayoclinic.org
- While dyslexia affects each person differently, there are ways to accommodate learning differences and thrive. The Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity offers tips for studying with dyslexia. They include:
- Time management strategies: (a) breaking up projects into smaller pieces or (b) drafting an outline of to-dos.
- Supporting tools: flash cards, sticky note reminders, and/or text-to-voice technology
- Organizing notes visually, using highlighters or a color-coding system
- Working in a quiet, clear space; keeping distractions to a minimum.
- Early diagnosis and support to children will significantly help them as they grow up. Managing this condition involves:
- Evaluation of individual needs: This helps teachers and parents develop a targeted program for the child.
- Adapted learning tools: Children with dyslexia may benefit from learning tools that tap into their senses, such as touch, vision, and hearing.
- Guidance and support: Regular counseling can help minimize any effects on self-esteem. Other forms of support may involve, for example, granting extra time on exams.
- Ongoing evaluation: Adults with dyslexia may benefit from help with developing evolving coping strategies and identifying areas in which they would benefit from more support. – medicalnewstoday.com
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the dyslexia across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Dyslexia worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the dyslexia which is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding).
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Dyslexia Facts
- Cause and Effects
- Letter Pattern I
- Letter Pattern II
- Letter Scramble
- Word Works
- Spatial Orientation
- Numbers I
- Numbers II
- Not the End
- Spread Love
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Link will appear as Dyslexia Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 3, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.