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Table of Contents
Menstruation is the regular, roughly monthly discharge of blood, mucus, and tissue debris from the uterus in non-pregnant breeding-age primate females. It is thought to be the uterus’ readjustment to the non-pregnant state after the proliferative changes brought on by the previous ovulation.
See the fact file below for more information on Menstruation, or you can download our 26-page Menstruation worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE
- The menstrual cycle is the monthly sequence of changes that a woman’s body undergoes in preparation for pregnancy. Each month, one of the ovaries releases an egg, which is known as ovulation.
- Simultaneously, hormonal changes prepare the uterus for pregnancy. If ovulation occurs, but the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining sheds through the vagina.
- The menstrual cycle, which is measured from the first day of one period to the first day of the next, differs from woman to woman.
- Menstruation can happen every 21 to 35 days and lasts two to seven days. Long cycles are common in the first few years after menstruation begins. Menstrual cycles, on the other hand, tend to shorten and become more regular as you get older.
- Menstrual Phase
- Occurs when the thickened uterine lining sheds during your monthly period. Depending on the length of a woman’s cycle, menstruation can last anywhere from three to seven days.
- Follicular Phase
- This begins on the first day of the period and ends when you begin to ovulate. The egg-containing pods, known as follicles, ripen during this phase, and one of the eggs matures.
- Ovulation Phase
- This is the stage at which the ovary sends the mature egg down the fallopian tube on its way to fertilization. This is the cycle’s shortest phase, lasting only 24 hours.
- Luteal phase
- During this phase, the follicle that releases the egg produces hormones that stiffen and ripen the uterus in preparation for pregnancy.
- Each woman’s menstrual cycle is distinct. The length and phases of each cycle can vary depending on your age as well as other factors.
MONITORING MENSTRUAL CYCLE
- The most basic reason for period monitoring is to inform or anticipate when a woman’s next period will occur. However, period monitoring can reveal so much more about a woman in terms of their cycle and hormones than just its fundamental purpose.
- A woman should, at the very least, record the beginning day of her period each month. They can use this information to identify the majority of abnormalities.
- Maintaining these records enables a woman and her doctor to keep a closer eye on her health and can help them prepare for more menstrual symptoms.
WHY DO MARRIED WOMEN MONITOR
- It is advantageous to know how long a cycle is for a variety of reasons.
- Understanding the timing of the menstrual cycle might help women who are trying to get pregnant figure out when they are most likely to fall pregnant.
- Ovulation is typically thought to occur 14 days or less before the beginning of your subsequent menstrual cycle.
- However, each woman and every cycle are unique.
- Their chances of becoming pregnant can be increased by being aware of when they may actually be ovulating and having coitus at that time.
- Charting a woman’s menstrual cycle is a useful approach to finding additional gynecological health problems she might not be aware of, in addition to fertility issues.
- The luteal phase of a woman’s cycle, which is the second part of her monthly cycle, can reveal whether she is ovulating, whether she has a brief luteal phase, and even whether she has polycystic ovary syndrome or another hormonal imbalance.
- By tracking what happens in a woman’s body each month, a doctor can determine why she isn’t getting pregnant when she wants to.
WHY DO YOUNG WOMEN MONITOR
- Keeping track of a teen’s or an unmarried woman’s period is also important for health-related reasons. A healthy woman has a predictable menstrual cycle.
- However, irregular periods might indicate a number of problems. If a woman misses the menstrual cycle or “date,” there is a good possibility that she is pregnant.
- However, it may also indicate other illnesses like diabetes, thyroid or hormone-related problems, or liver concerns.
- Keeping a calendar to monitor periods may help.
COMMON EXPERIENCES DURING PERIOD
- The few days before menstruation and the first day or two of menstruation, when the blood flow is heavier, are when most women experience mild symptoms.
- Menstruation has been linked to more than a hundred symptoms, and these can vary over time and from cycle to cycle.
- Anti-inflammatory over-the-counter pain medicines like ibuprofen or naproxen can typically reduce uncomfortable symptoms like cramps, backaches, and sore breasts.
- There are also medicines on prescription. Warm compresses or baths might help relieve cramps. The hormones in the second half of the menstrual cycle cause constipation, which can make cramping much worse.
- Before a woman’s period, mood swings, such as mild depression and emotional irritation, are not uncommon. Sometimes at this time, problems that have always existed become more obvious.
- They could also be genuine manifestations of emotions that ladies do not typically feel secure or comfortable expressing.
- These symptoms and frustrations may feel excruciating or entirely manageable in terms of intensity.
- Premenstrual alterations are frequently referred to as PMS, short for premenstrual syndrome, and are frequently used in conjunction with words like “symptoms” and “treatments.”
- This is a misrepresentation of the actual and substantial variety of experiences.
- The term and diagnosis “premenstrual dysphoric disorder” (PMDD), which is used to characterize a severe and uncommon form of premenstrual depression, are also up for controversy.
HYGIENE DURING MENSTRUATION
- The fundamental guideline for maintaining vaginal cleanliness is to change tampons or sanitary napkins every 4-6 hours. Menstrual blood attracts different organisms from our bodies when it is expelled from them.
- These organisms multiply in warm blood, causing pain, rashes, and urinary tract infections. Regular tampon or sanitary napkin changes slow the growth of these organisms and guard against infections.
- It is one of the most important components of menstrual hygiene and must be adhered to strictly. Before disposal, the products must be appropriately packaged.
- They must be safely disposed of, and flushing them might clog pipes, so never do so. One must wash their hands completely following disposal, which is another crucial component to guarantee that no blood or bacteria are left behind.
- Any improper disposal can infect you and the people around you.
- Regular vaginal cleaning is crucial because the germs stick to the body after a woman removes her sanitary napkin.
This fantastic bundle includes everything you need to know about Menstruation across 26 in-depth pages. These ready-to-use worksheets are perfect for teaching kids about Menstruation, the regular, roughly monthly discharge of blood, mucus, and tissue debris from the uterus in non-pregnant breeding-age primate females.
Complete List of Included Worksheets
Below is a list of all the worksheets included in this document.
- Menstruation Facts
- Quick Quiz
- The Cycle
- Sometimes, there is Pain
- Period Hygiene
- Girls and PMS
- Changes in my Body
- Ask a Lady
- Period in Pictures
- Menstrual History
- Awareness Poster
Frequently Asked Questions
What is menstruation?
Menstruation is the process by which a woman’s body sheds the lining of the uterus. This happens about once a month and is a normal part of growing up for girls. It is also known as having a period.
What are the signs of menstruation?
The signs of menstruation include bleeding from the vagina, which can last from a few days to a week. Some girls may also experience cramps, bloating, or mood changes.
When does menstruation start?
Menstruation typically starts between the ages of 8-15, but it can vary for each girl. It is different for everyone, so it is important to talk to a doctor or a trusted adult if you have any questions or concerns.
How can I take care of myself during menstruation?
To take care of yourself during menstruation, it is important to use pads or tampons to absorb the blood, and to change them regularly. You should also drink plenty of water, and eat healthy foods to keep yourself feeling good.
Is it normal to have different menstrual cycles?
Yes, it is normal for menstrual cycles to be different. Some girls may have shorter or longer cycles, and some may have more or less bleeding. It is important to talk to a doctor or a trusted adult if you have any concerns about your menstrual cycle.
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Link will appear as Menstruation Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 12, 2023
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.