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Physical fitness can be defined as a general state of health and well-being or more specifically as the ability to perform physical activities associated with daily life with vigor and alertness and without getting overly tired. Physical fitness is required consistent conditioning, which can be achieved through leisure activities or through structured activity. Let’s learn more about physical fitness!
See the fact file below for more information on the physical fitness or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Physical fitness worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
FAST FITNESS FACTS
- Exercise helps your brain to function better.
- Exercise gives you more energy.
- With variety, exercise can be fun.
- Exercise builds stronger muscles and healthy bones.
- Exercise helps to decrease stress.
- Exercise helps to prevent some diseases.
- Exercise burns calories, which allows you to eat more.
- Exercise strengthens the heart.
- Exercise can become a part of your daily routine.
- Exercise improves your mood.
COMPONENTS OF FITNESS
- Physical fitness can be measured in a number of different ways. Here are some common types for assessing physical fitness:
- Cardiorespiratory endurance: Fitness is determined by measuring a person’s heart rate and oxygen consumption and by seeing how long or fast a person can perform.
- Muscle endurance: By seeing how many repetitions of an exercise someone can perform, physical fitness can be tracked. E.g. the number of sit-ups or push ups achieved.
- Muscle strength: This is usually measured by how much weight can be moved in conjunction with repetitions. E.g. bench presses or squats with weights.
- Muscle power: This is slightly different to muscle strength as it measures how much force is generated by a muscle. Specialized biokinetic equipment is needed.
- Flexibility: This measures how far a group of muscles can be stretched or joints can be moved. Hamstrings and shoulders are common parts tested for flexibility.
- Balance: This measures how long a position can be held for without help. E.g. balancing on one leg.
- Speed: This assesses how quickly one can move from one point to another and improves with fitness.
- Body composition: This measures the amount of fat, muscle, and bone using tests, equations and devices.
- Because fitness is something that increases with the more physical exercise you do, it can sometimes feel very difficult starting out. But with consistent effort and pushing yourself just a little bit every day, soon you’ll look back and be amazed at your progress!
- Take a look at the fitness motivational quote alongside. What does it mean to you?
- Fitness is something that can be maintained all-year-round as there are hundreds of activities that we can enjoy, no matter the weather or season or availability of time.
- Because physical exercise comes in so many forms and levels of difficulty, there’s something for everyone, no matter your age, gender, weight, health or ability!
TYPES OF EXERCISE: ENDURANCE
- Endurance, or aerobic, activities increase your breathing and heart rate. These activities help keep you healthy, improve your fitness, and help you do the tasks you need to do every day. Endurance exercises improve the health of your heart, lungs, and circulatory system. They also delay or prevent many diseases that are common in older adults such as diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis.
- Examples of endurance exercises include brisk walking, running or jogging, dancing, swimming, biking, hiking and stair-climbing, and sports such as tennis, basketball and soccer. The better your physical fitness, the
longer you can perform these types of activities.
TYPES OF EXERCISE: STRENGTH
- To strengthen your muscles, it’s important to stress them a little by adding weights in small amounts. Even very small changes in muscle strength can make a real difference in function. Strong core muscles, for example, make it easier to get up from a chair and prevent back and neck pain. Improving arm strength helps you carry groceries, while strong leg muscles make climbing the stairs a breeze.
- Exercising to improve muscle strength is also called “strength training” or “resistance training”. These exercises also are called “strength training” or “resistance training.” Examples include lifting weights, using resistance bands, cycling and climbing stairs.
DOs and DON’Ts of STRENGTH TRAINING
- Don’t rush – you can’t hurry training and fitness or you’ll risk an injury.
- Overtraining by doing too much too often can cause mental and physical fatigue, which can leave you feeling tired and sore and also puts you at risk of an injury. Allow for at least two rest days per week so your body can recover.
- Have a schedule. It helps keep your routine consistent while also giving your body the rest time it needs.
- Change your schedule from time to time to include different activities and prevent your body from getting used to certain exercises, which slows down muscle buildup.
- Set realistic goals for yourself. What do you want to achieve through your training? When doing strength training, don’t skip certain muscle groups as imbalances can cause injury. Choose a day of the week to focus on arms, legs, back and core, for example.
TYPES OF EXERCISE: FLEXIBILITY
- Flexibility, or stretching, exercises give you more freedom of movement for your physical activities and for everyday activities such as getting dressed and reaching for objects on a shelf. Stretching exercises can improve your flexibility, but they will not improve your strength or endurance. Yoga, Pilates, dancing, and gymnastics are good ways to improve your flexibility.
- It’s very important to warm up before doing any stretching exercises and to start with light stretches. Failure to do this can result in painful injuries.
TYPES OF EXERCISE: BALANCE
- Having good balance is important for many activities we do every day, such as walking and going up and down the stairs. Exercises that improve balance can help prevent falls, a common problem in older adults and stroke patients. They can also benefit those who are obese, since weight is not always carried or distributed evenly throughout the body.
- A loss of balance can occur when standing or moving suddenly. Often, we are not fully aware that we may have weak balance until we try balance exercises!
- Examples of balance exercises are yoga, karate, and Tai Chi.
Physical fitness Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about physical fitness across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Physical fitness worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the physical fitness which can be defined as a general state of health and well-being or more specifically as the ability to perform physical activities associated with daily life with vigor and alertness and without getting overly tired. Physical fitness is required consistent conditioning, which can be achieved through leisure activities or through structured activity. Let’s learn more about physical fitness!
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Physical Fitness Facts
- Fitness Assessment
- Exercise Word Scramble
- Endurance Word Find
- Match the Moves
- Flexibility File
- My Fitness Plan
- Sports Interview
- Let’s Get Moving!
- Ponder This…
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Link will appear as Physical Fitness Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 30, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.