- 1582 – Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar.
- 1607 – The world’s first opera is premiered. Claudio Monteverdi’s “L’Orfeo” is still performed regularly today.
- 1839 – William Otis invents the steam shovel.
- 1867 – The House of Representatives voted to impeach President Andrew Johnson. The vote followed bitter opposition by the Radical Republicans in Congress toward Johnson’s reconstruction policies in the South. However, the effort to remove him failed in the Senate by just one vote.
- 1868 – First parade to have floats is held.
- 1868 – Andrew Johnson is the first US President to be impeached.
- 1920 – The German nazi party is founded. Adolf Hitler became the party’s leader in 1921.
- 1946 – Juan Peron is elected president of Argentina.
- 1970 – National Public Radio (NPR) is founded.
- 1989 – A Boeing 747 jumbo jet rips open over the Pacific Ocean. United Airlines Flight 811 experienced an explosive decompression, resulting in the death of 9 passengers.
- 2010 – Sachin Tendulkar becomes the first cricket player to score a double-century in the One Day International format. The Indian sportsman is widely recognized as one of the greatest batsmen in cricket.
- 1304 – Ibn Battuta (Moroccan explorer)
- 1885 – Admiral Chester Nimitz (WWII Fleet Admiral)
- 1942 – Joe Lieberman (US Senator)
- 1955 – Alain Prost (French race car driver)
- 1955 – Steve Jobs (Apple Computer)
- 1956 – Judith Butler (American philosopher)
- 1956 – Eddie Murray (Baseball player)
- 1981 – Lleyton Hewitt (Australian tennis player)
- 1799 – Georg Christoph Lichtenberg (German physicist)
- 1929 – André Messager (French composer)
- 1986 – Tommy Douglas (Scottish/Canadian minister, politician, 7th Premier of Saskatchewan)
- 1990 – Malcolm Forbes (American publisher)
- 1993 – Bobby Moore (English footballer, manager)