- 1804 – In a dual, Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury.
- 1914 – Babe Ruth plays in his first Major league baseball game.
- 1921 – Former US President William Howard Taft sworn becomes the 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. He is the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
- 1955 – The phrase ‘In God We Trust’ is added to all US currency.
- 1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
- 1987 – The world population hits 5 billion people.
- 2006 – Mumbai train bombings. Over 200 people were killed and about 700 people were injured in a series of bombings on Mumbai city trains.
- 2010 – FIFA World Cup Final is held in Johannesburg, South Africa. The Netherlands and Spain fought out for the prestigious football trophy. Spain won the match 1-0 and the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
- 1274 – Robert the Bruce (Scottish king)
- 1767 – John Quincy Adams (US President)
- 1899 – E.B. White (Author of Charlotte’s Web)
- 1916 – Gough Whitlam (Australian politician, 21st Prime Minister of Australia)
- 1934 – Giorgio Armani (Fashion designer)
- 1959 – Richie Sambora (Musician with Bon Jovi)
- 1963 – Lisa Rinna (Actress)
- 1975 – Lil Kim (Rapper)
- 1981 – Andre Johnson (Football Player)
- 1986 – Yoann Gourcuff (French footballer)