- 1775 – The United States Army is first established.
- 1777 – The Stars and Stripes is adopted as the Flag of the United States.
- 1919 – Alcock and Brown take off for the first non-stop transatlantic flight. The British aviators began their journey in St. John’s, Newfoundland and reached Galway in Ireland less than 16 hours later. One month earlier, Albert Cushing Read flew across the Atlantic, but his flight included a stop in the Azores Islands.
- 1922 – Warren G. Harding became the first U.S. President to broadcast a message over the radio. The event was the dedication of the Francis Scott Key Memorial in Baltimore.
- 1940 – German troops occupy Paris. The fall of Paris marked the end of Germany’s attacks on the western front. In the Armistice of Compiègne, three-fifths of France was declared occupied.
- 1942 – Anne Frank begins to keep a diary.
- 1949 – Albert II becomes the first monkey in space. The rhesus monkey was one of several animals used for testing purposes before sending humans into space. Albert II survived his ascent to 134 km (83 mi) altitude but died on his return to Earth due to a parachute failure.
- 1951 – Univac 1, the world’s first commercial electronic computer was unveiled in Philadelphia. It was installed at the Census Bureau and utilized a magnetic tape unit as a buffer memory.
- 1982 – The Falklands War ends. After 74 days of fighting, British troops captured the capital, Stanley, prompting the Argentine forces to surrender and return the islands to British control.
- 2002 – A large asteroid just misses the Earth. 2002 MN, a 73-meter lump, was three times closer to Earth than the Moon. It was first discovered three days after its closest approach.
- 2005 – Asafa Powell from Jamaica sets a new 100m world record of 9.77 seconds.
- 1811 – Harriet Beecher Stowe (Author)
- 1820 – American editor and compiler John Bartlett (1820-1905) was born in Plymouth, Massachusetts
- 1864 – German psychiatrist and pathologist Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915) was born in Markbreit am Mainz, Germany
- 1906 – Photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White (1906-1971) was born in New York City
- 1928 – Che Guevara (Cuban revolutionary)
- 1946 – Donald Trump (45th President of the United States)
- 1950 – Rowan Williams (Welsh bishop, poet, theologian, 104th Archbishop of Canterbury)
- 1961 – Boy George (Singer)
- 1969 – Steffi Graf (Tennis Player)
- 1662 – Henry Vane the Younger (English/American politician)
- 1886 – Alexander Ostrovsky (Russian playwright)
- 1920 – Max Weber (German economist, sociologist)
- 1928 – Emmeline Pankhurst (British political activist, suffragette)
- 1986 – Jorge Luis Borges (Argentine writer)