- 1865 – The last formal surrender of Confederate troops occurred as Cherokee leader and Confederate Brigadier General Watie surrendered his battalion comprised of American Indians in the Oklahoma Territory.
- 1894 – International Olympic Committee is founded.
- 1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty start their record-breaking flight around the world. The American-Australian team was the first to circumnavigate the planet in a single-engine plane. After several stops, they returned to Roosevelt Field eight days later.
They took nearly two weeks less than the previous record holder, the German airship Graf Zeppelin.
- 1950 – The Yankees and Tigers combine for a total of 11 home runs in a single baseball game.
- 1961 – The Antarctic Treaty comes into force. The treaty was the first arms control agreement signed during the Cold War. It sets Antarctica aside as a scientific preserve and prohibits military activities on the continent.
- 1989 – The movie Batman is released.
- 1991 – Sonic the Hedgehog video game is first released.
- 1992 – Yitzhak Rabin’s Labor Party wins the election in Israel. Rabin became the country’s fifth Prime Minister. For his engagement in a peaceful solution to the Middle East conflict, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 (together with Shimon Peres and Yasir Arafat). A year later, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist.
- 2016 – The UK votes to leave the European Union. Just over half of the electorate voted for “Brexit”, Britain’s exit from the EU. The UK had been part of the union since 1973.
- 1912 – Alan Turing (Scientist)
- 1916 – Len Hutton (English cricketer)
- 1948 – Clarence Thomas (US Supreme Court Judge)
- 1951 – Michèle Mouton (French Rally driver, the female to win a World Rally Championship event)
- 1957 – Frances McDormand (Actress)
- 1964 – Joss Whedon (American director, producer, screenwriter)
- 1972 – Selma Blair (Actress)
- 1978 – LaDainian Tomlinson (NFL Football player)
- 1981 – Zarah Leander (Swedish actress, singer)
- 1995 – Jonas Salk (American biologist, physician)
- 1996 – Andreas Papandreou (Greek economist, politician, Prime Minister of Greece)
- 1996 – Ray Lindwall (Australian cricketer)
- 2011 – Peter Falk (American actor)