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The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of World War I, during which the Allies launched a series of offensive attacks against the Central Powers that pushed the Germans out of France and led to their defeat.
See the fact file below for more information on the WWI: 100 Days Offensive or alternatively, you can download our 22-page WWI: 100 Days Offensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
WORLD WAR I
- World War I began in the Balkans in late July 1914 and ended in November 1918, leaving 17 million dead and 20 million wounded.
- The power struggle leading to the 1914 war began with two competing powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary against Russia, France, Serbia, and Great Britain.
- The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Bosnian Serb was an action that triggered the war when allied states began to politically support each other.
- The assassination led to a month of diplomatic manoeuvring between Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, France, and Britain, called the July Crisis.
- The first conflict happened on August 2, 1914 when Germany invaded Luxembourg. The whole month showed Germany’s army prowess in their next conflicts.
- Russia struggled initially but remained fighting alongside its allies.
- By 1915, Zeppelins were used to invade. The first to suffer was Great Britain.
- On September 1915, outraged protests erupted from the United States when the German U-boat sank, the Lusitania, which had many American passengers aboard.
- It was in the same year that poison gas was introduced in war.
- On May 1916, naval warfare reached its peak as the United Kingdom and Germany clashed on the Battle of Jutland.
- Germany remained the most threatening enemy throughout 1916 and 1917, forcing even the United States to finally declare war against it. This resulted in several countries severing ties with Germany.
- By the start of 1918, Germany began to feel the mounting pressure of countries declaring war and its depleting resources due to severed ties.
- A huge portion of the war occured in the country now called Israel and the borders of Palestine.
- At the end the war, the Allies pushed through an offensive action beginning August 8, sparking the 100 days offensive.
- The Hundred Days Offensive spanned 95 days beginning with the Battle of Amiens on 8 August 1918 and ending with the Armistice on 11 November.
- The German Spring Offensive came close to breaking the Allied front line but they just managed to hold on.
- In the Second Battle of the Marne , the Germans failed and on 18 July, the Allied counter-attack pushed them back.
- BATTLE OF AMIENS
- General Ferdinand Foch was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Forces.
- The Germans were caught by surprise during the Amiens attack. Some were said to have been captured while eating.
- The Allies had taken 17,000 prisoners and 330 guns. Total German losses were estimated to be 30,000 men, while the Allies had suffered about 6,500 killed, wounded and missing.
- The collapse in German morale led Erich Ludendorff to dub it “the Black Day of the German Army”.
- On August 10th, the Germans began to pull back towards the Hindenburg Line.
- The Allies continued to attack in this way throughout the summer and autumn of 1918, giving the exhausted and depleted German Army little respite.
- SECOND BATTLE OF THE SOMME
- The Somme Battle took place from March 21 to April 5, 1918, north of the Somme River in northern France. It is also called the Battle of Saint-Quentin.
- The offensive pushed the German 2nd Army back over a 34-mile front. Albert was captured on 22 August.
- ADVANCE IN THE HINDENBURG LINE
- The Battle of St Quentin Canal was a crucial victory that broke through one of the strongest sections of the Hindenburg Line.
- German General Ludendorff is reported to have said that the “situation of the [German] Army demands an immediate armistice in order to save a catastrophe”.
- Germany realized they would not win the war.
- Subsequent battles were fought during the Pursuit to the Selle, Battle of Courtrai, Battle of Mont-d’Origny, Battle of the Selle, Battle of Lys and Escaut, Battle of the Serre, Battle of Valenciennes and the Battle of the Sambre, including the Second Battle of Guise and the Battle of Thiérache.
WWI: 100 Days Offensive Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about WWI: 100 Days Offensive across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use WWI: 100 Days Offensive worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Hundred Days Offensive which was the final period of World War I, during which the Allies launched a series of offensive attacks against the Central Powers that pushed the Germans out of France and led to their defeat.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Quick review
- The Frontliners
- The 100-day Aftermath
- Road to Victory
- The Belligerents
- Weapons of War
- War Generals
- Ending Wars
- Words to Remember
- The Warrior
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Link will appear as 100 Days Offensive Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 18, 2019
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