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The Battle of the Bulge, known as the Ardennes Offensive, was the last major offensive campaign by the Germans during World War II. Occurring from December 16, 1944 to January 25, 1945, it was the largest battle fought on the Western Front in Europe and the largest fought by the United States. Keep reading for the fact file below or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilised within the classroom or home environment.
- The Battle of the Bulge was launched in the Ardennes region in Belgium, France, and stretched to Antwerp in Luxembourg.
- The German’s objective was to split the Allied armies in northwest Europe by means of a surprise blitzkrieg attack through the Ardennes to Antwerp.
- The surprise attack caught the Allied forces completely off guard and they incurred their highest number of casualties of any operation. The attack also severely lessened the armed forces of the Germans.
- The German codename for the buildup to the offensive was Watch on the Rhine (Wacht am Rhine). The actual offensive was codenamed Operation Autumn Mist (Unternehmen Herbstnebel), while the Allies called it the Ardennes Counteroffensive.
- The name ‘Battle of the Bulge’ was coined when the Germans drove deeper into the Ardennes to secure vital frontlines, and the Allied line took on the appearance of a large protrusion or bulge.
- Lieutenant General George S. Patton’s successful maneuvering of the Third Army to Bastogne in France greatly helped the Allied defence, leading to the deletion of the German counteroffensive despite heavy casualties.
- The German army launched the deadliest and most desperate battle of the war in the west in the rugged and heavily forested Ardennes on December 16. American forces fought desperate battles to staunch the German advance at Saint Vith, Houffalize, Elsenborn ridge and from there Bastogne, which was defended by the 101st Airborne Division.
- The U.S. 106th Division, despite being nearly defeated, helped acquire time for Brigadier General Bruce C. Clarke’s defence of Saint Vith.
- Shortage of fuel on the side of the Germans ,as well as the bravery of American troops fighting in the forests of the Ardennes though winter, proved lethal to Hitler’s plan of victory over the Allies in the west.
- Lieutenant General George S. Patton’s notable achievement of turning the Third Army ninety degrees to return from Lorraine to relieve the besieged town of Bastogne was the key to defeating the German counteroffensive.
- The Battle of the Bulge was the largest and bloodiest battle ever fought by the U.S. Army during the Second World War, with over 100,000 casualties.
- The Battle of the Bulge is officially considered to have concluded on January 16, although fighting still continued for some time.
Battle of the Bulge Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Battle of the Bulge Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The Battle of the Bulge, known as the Ardennes Offensive, which was the last major offensive campaign by the Germans during World War II.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Battle of the Bulge Facts
- Battle of the Bulge Word Search
- Did It Happen?
- Where is the Battleground?
- Who am I?
- Sequencing Events
- Headline Analysis
- Cite the Factors
- The Heroes
- Lessons of the War
- Poster Making
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Link will appear as Battle of the Bulge Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 3, 2017
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