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In the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, during the Siege of Boston, one of the significant battles fought was the one that happened at Bunker Hill, fought on June 17, 1775. It was named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts for it is the land at stake or being seized by the British Troops (Great Britain)—the American Colonies defended it. However, it resulted in a British Victory. Even though it is named after Bunker Hill, the majority of the battle actually happened at a nearby hill and was later named Breed’s Hill.
See the fact file below for more information on the Battle of Bunker Hill or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Battle of Bunker Hill worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
BACKGROUND & PRELUDE
- On June 13, 1775, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress received a notification about the British commanders making plans to capture Dorchester and Charlestown.
- On June 15, 1775, after being notified about the British Forces’ plans, the Massachusetts Committee of Safety decided to build fortified defenses on Charlestown Peninsula, specifically on Bunker Hill. Commanded by General Ward, directed to General Israel Putnam.
- On June 16, 1775, after the Colonial forces found out about the plan of the British to deploy troops from Boston to siege nearby hills, 1200 colonial militiamen worked on camp fortifications on top of Breed’s Hill under the command of Colonel William Prescott.
- Their force was made up of the soldiers of Prescott, Putnam, James Frye, and Ebenezer Bridge, and the unit was commanded by Thomas Knowlton.
- This enabled them to overlook Boston and the Charlestown Peninsula.
- At first, there was a disagreement between Prescott, Putnam, and their engineer Captain Richard Gridley on where to put their defenses.
- Although some work was set on Bunker Hill, most of it was done on Breed’s hill since it was closer to Boston and was agreed and viewed to be a more defensible location.
- On June 17, 1775, Major General William Howe and Brigadier General Robert Pigot with 2,200 British Troops landed on Charlestown Peninsula then proceeded to march on Breed’s Hill.
- As a response to the British Forces advancement, Colonial Forces’ Colonel Prescott reminded his troops to conserve ammunition.
- The reminder boosted the troops’ morale, the British Troops were blasted into retreat when they marched within their sight.
- The strategy deployed by Prescott was redone when the British troops advanced up the hill for the second time.
- This resulted in them running low on ammunition.
- The third time the British forces advanced up Breed’s Hill was successful.
- They reached the colonial forces that were now low on ammunition.
- This forced the Americans to engage in hand-to-hand combat against the British Forces.
- By this point, the American Colonial Forces were already outnumbered which led them to decide to retreat.
- Even though the American Colonies were ‘inexperienced’ and were defeated, inflicting colossal casualties on their side, the Battle of Bunker Hill boosted their morale.
BELLIGERENTS AND PERSONNEL
- The Battle of Bunker Hill was a fight between the United Colonies versus Great Britain.
- The United Colonies were also known as the Thirteen American Colonies.
- They were states who declared war and fought for their independence from being Great Britain’s possession from the New World.
- The states involved at the Battle of Bunker Hill were Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island—against ruling Great Britain.
- The leaders and commanders on the side of the United Colonies were William Prescott, Israel Putnam, Joseph Warren, and John Stark.
- The forces of Great Britain were led by William Howe, Thomas Gage, Sir Robert Pigot, James Abercrombie, Henry Clinton, Samuel Graves, and John Pitcairn.
- An estimate of 2,400 men fought for the United Colonies.
- An estimate of 3,000 men fought for Great Britain.
AFTERMATH AND CASUALTIES
- The significance of the Battle of Bunker Hill was that it built the American Colonies’ morale.
- In spite of losing against Britain, it made them believe that Britain could be thrown out by their patriotic dedication.
- The order of Colonel William Prescott – “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes!” – popularized the Battle of Bunker Hill.
- In 1843, a 221-foot all-granite obelisk was built as a monument for to the Battle of Bunker Hill yet it was located on Breed’s Hill.
- The recorded casualties on the side of the American Colonies counts up to 450.
- 115 were killed, 305 were wounded, and 30 were captured of which 20 of them died.
- On the side of Great Britain was a total of 1,054 casualties – 19 officers were killed, 62 officers were wounded, 207 soldiers killed, and 766 soldiers were wounded.
Battle of Bunker Hill Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about the Battle of Bunker Hill across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Battle of Bunker Hill worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about one of the significant battles in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, during the Siege of Boston, which happened at Bunker Hill, fought on June 17, 1775. It was named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts for it is the land at stake or being seized by the British Troops (Great Britain)—the American Colonies defended it. However, it resulted in a British Victory. Even though it is named after Bunker Hill, the majority of the battle actually happened at a nearby hill and was later named Breed’s Hill.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Revolutionary War: Battle of Bunker Hill Facts
- Multiple Choice
- Prelude Timeline
- June 17th Events
- Sort The Soldiers
- All About Bunker Hill
- Strategy Assessment
- Battle Aftermath
- Encouraging Orders
- Alternate Ending
- Battles Collage
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Link will appear as Battle of Bunker Hill Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 29, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.