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Table of Contents
The Battle of Pasong Tamo was a sequence of small battles between the remnant Katipuneros in Caloocan and the Guardia Civil immediately after the Cry of Balintawak. It took place in August 1896.
See the fact file below for more information on Battle of Pasong Tamo or alternatively, you can download our 27-page Battle of Pasong Tamo worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Rich ilustrados and other accused Katipuneros were arrested by the Spanish government in Manila, after the Katipunan was discovered.
- Recognizing the impending war, Andrés Bonifacio and the Manila revolutionaries fled to Caloocan’s Pugad Lawin wilderness, where they tore their cedulas (a personal registration certificate released by the Spanish government) in protest. However, this demonstration was done in secret, and the actual mass gathering took place near Melchora Aquino’s house in Balintawak, in full view of the nearby Guardia Civil.
- Following the events, Bonifacio wrote a manifesto warning Filipinos to prepare for a Manila attack. Bonifacio ordered an attack on Manila almost immediately after issuing the manifesto, but his forces gathered around San Juan del Monte on August 30, 1896.
- When the Katipunan was discovered, Bonifacio issued a circular summoning all Katipunan councils to a meeting in Balintawak or Kangkong to discuss their predicament. Historian Teodoro Agoncillo dates this to August 19, 1896 while revolutionary leader Santiago lvarez dates it to August 22, 1896.
- Katipuneros had already gathered at Balintawak, Caloocan, on August 21. The rebels marched to Kangkong in Caloocan late through heavy rain and arrived past midnight. On August 23, the rebels moved to Bahay Toro or Pugad Lawin as a precaution.
- In this time, Agoncillo placed the Cry and the Tearing of Certificates at Juan Ramos’ residence in Pugad Lawin. On that occasion, Ivarez says, they met at the home of Melchora Aquino (also known as Tandang Sora and the mother of Juan Ramos) in Bahay Toro. Agoncillo locates Aquino’s home in Pasong Tamo and the August 24 meeting there.
- Rebels continued to gather, and by August 24, they numbered in the thousands. On August 24, the Katipunan councils of the nearby communities were notified that an all-out attack on Manila was planned for August 29. Bonifacio appointed generals to lead rebel forces to Manila.
- Bonifacio also reformed the Katipunan into an open revolutionary government, with him as President and the Supreme Council of the Katipunan as his cabinet, before hostilities erupted.
- On the morning of the 25th, a Spanish Civil Guard unit attacked the rebels, who had more men but fewer weapons than the Spaniards. The rebels retired after a few minutes, with both sides suffering fatalities.
- The rebels attacked again the next day, but this time retreated to Balara. Bonifacio is said to have rested in Diliman at noon, and in the afternoon, Civil Guards started investigating attacks on Chinese merchants carried out by bandits with rebel ties; they came across a group of Katipuneros and investigated them; the commander of the guards, Lt. Manuel Ros, reported the incidents to Ramón Blanco y Erenas, who urged him to prepare for hostilities.
- After that, Bonifacio travelled to San Felipe Neri, where he issued a manifesto to the revolutionaries advocating for an attack on Manila.
- That was also the day of the initial brawl. Following the historic tearing up of the despised Spanish cedulas, Bonifacio’s spies told him that a Guardia Civil group of 30 troops led by Lieutenant Manuel Ros was nearing Malabon. Bonifacio dispatched his soldiers to Tandang Sora‘s (Melchora Aquino’s) property in Gulod ng Banilad, near Pasong Tamo.
- He positioned his soldiers around a broken bridge across a creek in Pasong Tamo, equipped with bolos and anting-antings. The patriots fought the enemy as they approached. Despite being outmanned, the enemy battled valiantly, mowing down the katipuneros with their Mausers and Remingtons. Simplicio Acabo, the Cabeza de barangay of Dulong Kalzada, was the first Katipunan victim.
- He was murdered by a shot while rushing towards a Spanish soldier with his sharp bolo. Bonifacio ordered a retreat after failing to defeat the enemy. Smaller uprisings erupted in San Pedro de Macati, Las Pias, and Paranaque. In Cavite Viejo, Laguna, Batangas, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Manila, Pampanga, and Ilocos, massive revolts and uprisings erupted.
- To memorialize the Pasong Tamo Battle, the former National Historical Institute (NHI), now the National Historical Commission of the Philippines or NHCP, installed in 1958 along a portion of Tandang Sora Ave in Novaliches a historical marker with this inscription: “A memorial for our brothers in the KKK (Highest and Most Revered Society of the Sons of the Country) who died in this area when the Spanish soldiers attacked Andres Bonifacio and his men after the unfurling of the Katipunan banner in Balintawak on August 26, 1896.”
Battle of Pasong Tamo Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about Battle of Pasong Tamo across 27 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Battle of Pasong Tamo which was a sequence of small battles between the remnant Katipuneros in Caloocan and the Guardia Civil.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Battle of Pasong Tamo Facts
- Jumble Bee
- First Thing
- KKK Flag
- The Fight
- Word Guess
- Let’s See
- Word Search
- Events in the Battle
- Box Stack
- Headline News
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Link will appear as Battle of Pasong Tamo Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 27, 2022
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