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Table of Contents
See the fact file below for more information on the battles of World War I or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Battles of World War I worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
THE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I
- Europe had been experiencing territorial tensions before the outbreak of the war. Political instability in the Balkans, particularly Bosnia, Serbia, and Herzegovina, threatened to destroy the alliances involving European powers – the Ottoman Empire, Russia, and other parties.
- With Serbia gaining wins and experience in the past Balkan wars, it turned its goal into liberating itself from the rule of the Austria-Hungarian Empire.
- On the morning of June 28, 1914, Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were shot dead in the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo, by a Bosnian Serb, Gavrilo Princip.
- Austria-Hungary then declared war on Serbia. Russia had to defend Serbia.
- After seeing Russia mobilizing, Germany declared war. France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary.
- Germany attacked France through Belgium, pulling Britain into war. Then Japan entered the war. Later, Italy and the United States entered on the side of the allies.
KEY MILITARY ENGAGEMENTS WESTERN FRONT
- Battle of Le Cateau – August 26; German victory
- First Battle of the Marne – September 6–12; Franco-British victory
- First Battle of the Aisne – September 13–28; indecisive
- Siege of Antwerp – September 28–October 10; German victory
- First Battle of Ypres – October 19–November 22; indecisive
- First Battle of Champagne – December 20, 1914–March 17, 1915; inconclusive.
- Battle of Neuve Chapelle – March 10–13; indecisive
- Second Battle of Ypres – April 22–May 25; German victory
- Battle of Loos – September 25– October 8; German victory
- Second Battle of Champagne – September 25–November 6; German victory
- Battle of Verdun – February 21–December 18; French victory
- Battle of the Somme – July 1–November 18; indecisive
- Nivelle Offensive – April 16–May 9; indecisive
- Battle of Arras – April 9– May 16; indecisive
- Battle of Vimy Ridge – April 9–12, British victory
- Second Battle of the Aisne – April 16–October 24–26; indecisive
- Battle of Messines – June 7–14; British victory
- Third Battle of Ypres – July 31–November 10; indecisive
- Battle of Cambrai – November 20–December 7; indecisive
- Battle of Cantigny – May 28; US victory
- Third Battle of the Aisne – May 27–June 6; indecisive
- Battles of Chateau Thierry and Belleau Wood – June 3–26; US victory
- Second Battle of the Marne – July 15–August 5; Allied victory
KEY MILITARY ENGAGEMENTS EASTERN FRONT
- Battle of Stallupönen – August 17; German victory
- Battle of Gumbinnen – August 20; Russian victory
- Battle of Tannenberg – August 26–30; German victory
- First Battle of the Masurian Lakes – September 7–14; German victory
- Battle of Bolimov – January 31; inconclusive
- Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes – February 7–22; German victory
- Lake Naroch Offensive – March 18–30; German victory
- Brusilov Offensive – June 4– 20 September 20; indecisive
- Italian Campaign – May 23, 1915–November 6, 1918; Allied and Italian victory
- Romanian Campaign – August 27, 1916–December 1917 (Central Powers victory), November 10–11, 1918; Allied victory
- Caucasus Campaign – October 29, 1914–October 30, 1918; Treatises were signed between Russia, Ottoman and Germany
- Serbian Campaign – July 28, 1914–November 3, 1918; Serbian-Allied victory
- Gallipoli Campaign – February 17, 1915–January 9, 1916; Ottoman victory
- Macedonian Front – October 21, 1915–September 30, 1918; Allied victory
- Sinai and Palestine Campaign – January 28, 1915–October 30, 1918; Allied victory
- Mesopotamian Campaign – November 6, 1914–November 14, 1918; Allied victory
- African Campaign – September 15, 1914–July 9, 1915; Allied victory
END OF WAR
- Germany formally surrendered on November 11, 1918, and all nations agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated.
- On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations (including Britain, France, Italy and Russia) signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war.
Battles of World War I Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the battles of World War I across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Battles of World War I worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the World War I which pitted Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire against Great Britain, the United States, France, Russia, Italy and Japan.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- What is War?
- Key Countries
- Key Wars
- Toughest Battle
- Longest Battle
- Trench Warfare
- Effects of the War
- Christmas Truce of 1914
- The Treaty
- War Heroes
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Link will appear as Battles of World War I Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 23, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.