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The Compromise of 1850 was based on the ideas of Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois. It was popularly drafted by Henry Clay, also known as “The Great Compromiser”. The Compromise was passed by the Congress to primarily pacify the issue of slavery and territorial boundaries between the North and South. For more information on the Compromise of 1850 read the fact file below or download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- The 1820 Missouri Compromise was the first compromise regarding the number of Slave and Free States. Prior to 1850, a series of events happened resulting in a need for another major compromise.
- By 1832, the Nullification Crisis exploded after opposing views on tariffs. Vice President John C. Calhoun and President Andrew Jackson heated American economics and politics, leading to the establishment of the Abolitionist Movement.
- In 1845, Texas was admitted as a slave state after years of implementing the Gag Rule, which banned petitions and appeals for the Abolition of Slavery.
- By 1846, the Mexican-American War took place, followed by the Wilmot Proviso prohibiting slavery on Mexican-acquired territories. At the end of the war in 1848, Mexico ceded Upper California and New Mexico under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. It highlighted the differences between the proslavery and antislavery factions.
- On September 1850, the US Congress passed the Compromise of 1850, which consisted of five general headings. First, it was an Act proposing the northern and western boundaries of Texas. Second, the admission of California to the Union as a Free State. Third, the establishment of Utah and New Mexico territorial government in relation to Popular Sovereignty on Slavery. Fourth, the suppression of slave trade in the District of Columbia. Lastly, the controversial amendment regarding the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.
- The Compromise of 1850 was created to resolve the issues of slavery and territorial expansion. In order to appease both factions of the anti slavery north and pro slavery south, Henry Clay drafted the Compromise.
- President Millard Fillmore took office when President Zachary Taylor died on July 9, 1850. The Compromise became more feasible under his presidency.
- Specifically, the issue around slavery increased the sectional conflict between the North and South. The Northern antislavery faction advocated the entrance of California to the Union as a Free State. In addition, they continued to neglect the enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act, which angered the Southern states. Advocates of Popular Sovereignty proposed the right of New Mexico and Utah to decide and resolve the issue of slavery by themselves.
- Henry Clay expected the “Union of Hearts” as a result of the Compromise after the following provisions:
- California be admitted to the Union as a Free State.
- The territories of New Mexico and Utah be organized without restrictions on slavery.
- The abolition of slave trading in the District of Columbia.
- Strict implementation of the Fugitive Slave Act.
- Proposition for the northern and western boundaries of Texas.
- The Compromise of 1850 led to the more-eager antislavery Whigs, since it was seen as being in favor of the South. Citizens of the North became more participative in the Abolitionist Movement, while the antislavery Whigs emerged as the Republican Party.
- The 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act underwent the same Popular Sovereignty, which led to the event known as “Bleeding Kansas”.
- Ten years after the Compromise, the American Civil War broke out.
Compromise of 1850 Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Compromise of 1850 Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The Compromise which was passed by the Congress to primarily pacify the issue of slavery and territorial boundaries between the North and South.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Compromise of 1850 Facts
- 1850 Mapping
- The Compromisers
- North v. South
- Slavery Acrostic
- Concept Box
- The Compromise Cause and Effect
- Complete My Date
- Union of Hearts
- Slavery Cartoon Analysis
- Compromise Today
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