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- Results of the presidential elections of 1876 could not indicate a clear winner for the post of the next U.S. president.
- Democrat Samuel J. Tilden seemed to lead the election against his Republican counterpart with 203 – 165 votes in the electoral college for each candidate respectively.
- However, fraud and violence in the states of South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana, and doubts about the eligibility of an elector from Oregon, left the results of 20 votes undecided.
- To arrive at a conclusion with regards to the 20 votes, an electoral commission was formed.
- Originally, the commission was supposed to be composed of 7 Democrats, 7 Republicans, and 1 Independent.
- However, when the independent candidate, David Davis, refused to accept the nomination, the Republican Joseph Bradley replaced him.
- The electoral commission decided the 20 votes in favor of the Republicans, declaring Rutherford B. Hayes as the next president.
- However, the deal would stand, only if both the parties agreed to the following conditions of each other:
- Federal troops be removed from the States in the south (the erstwhile Confederate States).
- At least one Democrat be included in Hayes’ cabinet.
- A second transcontinental railroad be constructed in the south using the Texas and Pacific railway.
- A legislation aimed at helping to industrialize the southern states be passed.
- The compromise took place right after the American Civil War.
- It prevented the country from erupting into violence once again.
- It was an undocumented deal that was struck between the Democrats and the Republicans behind closed doors and was not sorted out through debate in the U.S. Congress.
- It marked the end of the Reconstruction Era and opened doors for discriminatory policies against black people that the northern states had been trying get rid of.
- The Reconstruction Era aimed to join a divided nation, which finally ended with this compromise.
- The Reconstruction was mostly carried in the southern states.
- Throughout this period, the Union sent federal troops to the Confederate states.
- As soon as the troops won over the southern territories, reconstructed governments were set up in these states by President Abraham Lincoln.
- By 1876, the aim to reconstruct the south diminished within the Republican party.
- Radical Republicans were replaced by more business-minded party members. Personal interests overtook the spirit of rebuilding
- With such changes to the scenario, Republicans traded the Reconstruction efforts for the presidential seat of the country. In the bargain, the Democrats gained a strong hold over the entire south.
- As agreed, the incumbent President Ulysses Grant removed federal troops from Florida.
- Hayes removed those remaining in South Carolina and Louisiana.
- After the Republican troops left, the southern states were free to impose Jim Crow laws.
- The influence of the Democrats was established, which in turn led to the formation of a Democratic Solid South, which laid the foundation of discrimination against black people in the southern states.
- The Compromise of 1877 pushed back efforts for equality and dignity for black people up to the 1950s.
Compromise of 1877 Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Compromise of 1877 worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about The Compromise of 1877, also known as the Corrupt Bargain or the Great Betrayal which marked the end of Reconstruction in the South and a return to Home Rule.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Compromise of 1877
- Cause & Effect
- U.S. States
- Democrats VS Republicans
- Poet’s Corner
- Fill in the Blanks
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