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The Confederate States of America, or simply known as the Confederacy, was a breakaway republic formed by slaveholding states in 1861. It was composed of eleven secessionist states led by Jefferson Davis as president in opposition to Abraham Lincoln’s Union States.
See the fact file below for more information on the Confederate States or alternatively, you can download our 22 page Confederate States worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- In the 1830s, abolitionists from the north continued to grow. As sentiments gained prominence, westward expansion and the stand of new territories on slavery also became an issue.
- Southerners feared that newly acquired territories would be accepted into the Union as free states.
- By 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by Congress, asserting that new territories would use popular sovereignty to decide whether to enter the Union as free or slave state.
- The pro- and anti-slavery standoff resulted in what came to be known as “Bleeding Kansas.” As a result, the Republican Party was formed by northern politicians who strongly opposed slavery.
- In addition, conflict grew between the north and south because of their economies. In the mid-19th century, the young United States experienced economic growth from the plantation industry. The north was industrialized in terms of manufacturing, unlike the south, which was highly dependent on farming, and thus demanded more labor from slaves.
- The 1857 Dred Scott case decision became a pivotal event on the issue of slavery.
- In November, 1860, Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States, defeating three contenders including Stephen Douglas, Senator and primary author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
- As a result, southerners were outraged and within three months, seven states seceded from the Union.
Confederate States and the Civil War
- The Confederate States, or Confederacy, was a collection of southern states, which seceded from the Union due to political, economic and cultural disparities.
The original seven southern states were South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas, followed by the upper south (Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas and North Carolina).
- Early in February, 1861, representatives of states from the deep south met in Montgomery, Alabama, to draft their own constitution. They also elected Jefferson Davis, Senator from Mississippi, as president, and Alexander Stephens of Georgia, as vice president.
- On March 11, 1861, the Confederates permanently adopted a constitution that was almost the same to the federal, but with more distinct states’ rights. On May 23, 1861, the Confederate capital was proposed to transfer from Montgomery, Alabama to Richmond, Virginia.
- The Civil War officially broke out on April 12, 1861, when Confederate troops bombarded Union soldiers at Fort Sumter in South Carolina, followed by another attack at Fort Pickens in Florida. The Confederate states gathered 62,000 volunteers from southern states in less than a month.
- On July 16, 1861, the First Battle of Bull Run occurred and the Confederates were victorious.
- By 1862, Davis declared martial law and suspended the writ of habeas corpus. During those times, military enlistment in the south declined.
- Confederate volunteers were composed of able men from 18 to 35 years old, while owners with 20 slaves or more were exempted.
- Jefferson Davis encountered conflict with state governors regarding overreaching laws encompassing states’ rights. In addition, the Confederacy faced financial shortages during the war. Exports were crippled and infrastructure destroyed, disabling transfer of supplies.
- Confederate soldiers were called Rebels by the north, while Union troops were tagged by the south as Yankees. During the war, Union troops outnumbered the Confederacy by 1 million.
- The armies were led by Confederate Generals like Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Nathan Bedford Forrest, James Longstreet, George Pickett and Bloody Bill Anderson.
After the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, over 186,000 black soldiers joined the Union army. Despite shortages in both labor and army, the Confederates won a series of encounters including the Battle of Cold Harbor, the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Big Bethel, the Battle of Carthage, the First Battle of Lexington and the Battle of Liberty.
- On April 9, 1865, after four years of war, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse. Shortly after, Confederate government officials declared an end to their republic. Meanwhile, Davis refused to surrender and fled to North Carolina. By May, Union troops captured Davis in Georgia and sent him to prison.
- On May 13, 1865, the Confederate States of America officially ended.
The aftermath of the Civil War
- On April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by a Confederate supporter, John Wilkes Booth, at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.
- Former Confederate states were divided into military districts. They need to apply for readmission to the Union and place their loyalty in the Constitution and federal government.
- Upon the end of the war, some slaves were freed, while slavery was officially outlawed after the passage of the 13th amendment.
- The reunion of states during the Reconstruction Era ended in 1877.
Confederate States Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Confederate States across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Confederate States worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about The Confederate States of America, or simply known as the Confederacy, was a breakaway republic formed by slaveholding states in 1861.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Confederate States Facts
- Confederacy Mapping
- Famous Leaders
- Five Civilized Tribes
- Confederate Flags
- Civil War Battles
- Union and Border States
- Civil War Facts
- North v. South
- Civil War Effects
- Confederates in Action
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Link will appear as Confederate States Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 14, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.