Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
See the fact file below for more information on the Crimean War or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Crimean War worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The Crimean War is the result of the Russian Empire’s threat to multiple European interests. It also involved the dispute between Russia and France over the privileges of the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches in holy places in Palestine.
- The Turks took a firm stand against the Russians with the support of Britain.
- In July 1853, the Russians occupied the Danubian principalities on the Russo-Turkish border.
- On September 23, 1853, the British fleet was ordered to go to Constantinople, currently known as Istanbul.
- On October 4, 1853, the Turks declared war on Russia, and they opened an offensive against the Russians in the Danubian principalities.
- A Turkish squadron at Sinope was destroyed by the Russian Black Sea fleet.
- On January 3, 1854, British and French fleets both entered the Black Sea in order to protect Turkish transports.
- On March 28, 1854, Britain and France declared war against Russia.
- In September 1854, the allies landed troops in Crimea, which is located on the north shore of the Black Sea. They began a year-long siege of the Russian fortress of Sevastopol.
- Major wars happened on September 20 at the Alma River, on October 25 at Balaklava, and on November 5 at Inkerman.
- On January 26, 1855, Sardinia-Piedmont entered the war and sent 10,000 troops.
- On September 11, 1855, three days after a successful French assault on Malakhov, the Russians blew up the forts, sank the ships, and evacuated Sevastopol.
- Malakhov was a major strongpoint in the defenses of the Russians.
- On February 1, 1856, Russia agreed to the preliminary peace terms after Austria threatened to join the allies.
- From February 25, 1856, until March 30, 1856, the Congress of Paris was working out the final peace settlement.
- On March 30, 1856, the resulting final peace settlement, the Treaty of Paris, guaranteed the integrity of the Ottoman Empire and also obliged Russia to surrender southern Bessarabia.
- The Black Sea was then neutralized.
- As part of the treaty, Russia returned the Budjak, in Bessarabia, back to Moldavia.
- The Treaty of Paris was in effect until 1871, when Prussia defeated France in the Franco-Prussian War.
- Prussia and several other German states united and formed the German Empire in January 1871.
- French Emperor Napoleon III proclaimed the Third French Republic, and he opposed Russia over the Eastern Question.
- However, Russian interference in the Ottoman Empire did not have any significant effect on the interests of France. Thus, France decided to abandon its opposition to Russia.
- In October 1870, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck renounced the Black Sea clauses in the Treaty of Paris, which resulted in Russia deploying its Black Sea Fleet.
- On November 30, 1853, the Battle of Sinop, or Battle of Sinope, happened at Sinop.
- Sinop, or Sinope, is a sea port in northern Anatolia.
- The Battle of Sinop is described as a Russian naval victory over the Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War. A squadron of Imperial Russian warships defeated a squadron of Ottoman ships anchored in the harbor.
- The Battle of Sinop is commemorated in Russia as a Day of Military Honor.
- The Siege of Silistra happened from March until June of 1854.
- The Siege of Silistra took place during the Danube campaign.
- The First Battle of Bomarsund happened on June 21, 1854.
- The First Battle of Bomarsund happened when three British ships bombarded the Bomarsund fortress.
- The outcome of the first battle was unclear.
- A British fleet of 25 ships surrounded the Bomarsund fortress in July 1854, which signaled the start of the Second Battle of Bomarsund.
- On August 8, British troops established a battery of three 32-pound guns on a hill, as the French troops also established several batteries.
- On August 15, the second tower, Notvik, was destroyed after British guns opened fire from their hill opposite the tower.
- Bomarsund surrendered on August 16.
- The Siege of Petropavlovsk happened in the Pacific.
- On September 20, 1854, the Battle of Alma occurred at the Alma River.
- The Battle of Alma was a battle between the allies and the Russian forces defending the Crimean Peninsula.
- The battle started with the allies arriving in Crimea on September 14.
- The Siege of Sevastopol, or Siege of Sebastopol, lasted from October 1854 until September 1855.
- The allies arrived at Eupatoria with the aim to make a triumphant march to Sevastopol. Sevastopol is the capital of Crimea.
- The 56-kilometer journey from Eupatoria to Sevastopol took a year of fighting against the Russian troops.
- The allies did not succeed in taking over the port and fortress of Sevastopol.
- The Battle of Balaclava was part of the Siege of Sevastopol.
- On November 5, 1854, the Battle of Inkerman broke out between the armies of Britain, France, and the Ottoman Empire against the Imperial Russian Army.
- In 1855, the most important military engagement of the Crimean War happened outside Sevastopol. This is known as the Battle of Eupatoria.
- The Battle of Eupatoria would be significant, especially in the taking over of Sevastopol.
- The Battle of the Chernaya, or the Battle of the Black River, happened by the Chernaya River on August 16, 1855.
- The Battle of the Chernaya ended with Russian troops retreating. Thus, it was a victory for the French, Turks, and Sardinians.
- The Battle of Kinburn is a combined land-naval engagement during the final stage of the Crimean War. It took place on the tip of the Kinburn Peninsula on October 17, 1855.
- The Siege of Kars was the last major battle of the Crimean War.
Crimean War Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Crimean War across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Crimean War worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Crimean War which is a military conflict that took place from October 1853 to February 1856. The Russian Empire lost to an alliance made up of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain, and Sardinia.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Crimean War Facts
- Add Facts
- Major Major
- Third Largest
- Battle Sites
- The Alliance
- Word Hunt
- News Alert!
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Crimean War Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 20, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.