Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
The Green Mountain Boys was a militia organization first established in the late 1760s in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants and later in 1775 as the Vermont Republic.
See the fact file below for more information on the Green Mountain Boys or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Green Mountain Boys worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Ethan Allen was a soldier, frontiersman, and the leader of the Green Mountain Boys during the American Revolution.
- After fighting in the French and Indian War, Allen settled in what is now Vermont. It was also at that time the American Revolution broke out.
- He established the Green Mountain Boys resulting from land disputes claimed by New York over lands under the New Hampshire Grants.
- Allen was named their Colonel Commandant, and cousins Seth Warner and Remember Baker were captains of two of the companies.
- Further meetings resulted in the creation of committees of safety, and laid down rules to resist attempts by New York to establish its authority.
- His tirades and threats against the New York surveyors eventually led to the issuance of his arrest.
- By March 1774, the harsh treatment of settlers and their property by Allen and the Boys prompted New York Governor Tryon to increase some of the rewards to £100 on his head.
- The dispute eventually resulted in bloodshed. The Westminster massacre occurred on March 13, 1775, killing two men.
- After a crowd occupied the Westminster Courthouse to protest the evictions of several poor farmers from their homes by officials and Judges from New York, shots were fired.
- The Green Mountain Boys then continued stopping sheriffs from enforcing New York laws and terrorized settlers who had New York grants, burning buildings, stealing cattle, and administering occasional floggings with birch rods.
- Ethan Allen then went to Westminster with a band of Boys, and organized a convention calling for the territory’s independence from New York.
GREEN MOUNTAIN BOYS IN BATTLE
- When the American Revolutionary War started in 1775, Ethan Allen and his men took part.
- The Green Mountain Boys took over the small British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga on the southern tip of Lake Champlain.
- The Green Mountain Boys marched under the Green Flag and the command of Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold.
- Under their joint command, they captured Fort Ticonderoga, Crown Point, and Fort George, all in New York.
- They confiscated a large number of cannons, ammunition, and the British ship on Lake Champlain.
- The most important contribution of the Green Mountain Boys was the capturing of cannons, howitzers, and ammunition that were rolled over the New England mountains to Dorchester Heights and other points surrounding Boston.
- The introduction of the cannons on the highest spots around Boston severely limited British options. General William Howe eventually decided to abandon the city.
- In August 1777, the Green Mountain Boys led by Colonel Seth Warner joined General John Stark to crush a British raid on the military supplies held near the town of Bennington, Vermont.
- The battle was a major victory for the colonists because it reduced British General John Burgoyne’s forces leading to his surrender which led to France joining the war on the Americans side.
- The Green Mountain Boys Flag was carried by Warner’s Green Mountain Boys at the Battle of Bennington during the battle.
- Eventually they became part of the Continental Army and served in the abortive offensive against Canada.
- Ethan Allen was then captured and imprisoned, which led to the eventual dissolution of the Green Mountain Boys militia.
VERMONT NATIONAL GUARD
- After Vermont attained statehood, its militia was organized into several divisions.
- The governor served as head of the militia, with the title “captain general and commander in chief”, and the division commanders, who held the rank of major general, reported to the adjutant general, who reported to the governor.
- Over the years, it became part of the US Army, serving during the World Wars, Korean, and Vietnam Wars and other 21st century wars taken part by the US.
Green Mountain Boys Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Green Mountain Boys across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Green Mountain Boys worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Green Mountain Boys which was a militia organization first established in the late 1760s in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants and later in 1775 as the Vermont Republic.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Quick Review
- The 1770’s
- New Hampshire Grants
- Ethan Allen
- The Militia
- Green Mountain Boys
- The 14th State
- A Reflection
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Green Mountain Boys Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 8, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.