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The Intolerable Acts, also known as the Coercive Acts, were five laws that were passed by the British Parliament against the American Colonies in 1774 after the Boston Tea Party. Browse the fact file below or download the entire 15 page premium worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home learning environment.
What Were The Intolerable Acts?
- The name “Intolerable Acts” was given to the Coercive Acts by American Patriots. They chose this name because the patriots could not “tolerate” the unfair and punitive laws. In Great Britain, the laws were called the Coercive Acts.
- The British Government passed the Intolerable Acts as a punishment to the colonies for the Boston Tea Party. The British wanted to punish the colonists for their defiance in throwing a large tea shipment into Boston harbor. They were meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in throwing a large tea shipment into Boston harbor.
Act 1: The Boston Port Act
- The first act passed was the Boston Port Act. This was a specific act that was in direct response to the Boston Tea Party. The objective of the Boston Port Act was to close the port until the colonists had fully paid for the tea they dumped. The colonists thought it was unfair because it punished all citizens for the crime of a few. The other colonies sent supplies to help the residents of Boston.
Act 2: The Massachusetts Government Act
- The second act was the Massachusetts Government Act. It changed the government of the Massachusetts colony and gave more power to the governor, while taking power away from the colonists. The governor was appointed by Great British and he was able to appoint his own government officials. This act spread fear across the colonies because if the British could punish Boston, they could do it to all the colonies.
Act 3: The Administration of Justice Act
- The third of the Intolerable Acts was the Administration of Justice Act. With this act, the governor could move capital trials against government officials to Great Britain. This gave a lot of protection to government officials and witnesses would have travel to Britain if they wanted to testify against an official – making it nearly impossible to convict. The colonists were angered by this act and some called it the “Murder Act” because they thought it would let officials get away with murder.
Act 4: The Quartering Act
- The Quartering Act, introduced in 1774, was an expansion of the original Quartering Act of 1765. The law stated that colonies were required by law the provide barracks for British soldiers. When barracks were not available, soldiers must be housed in other buildings like barns, hotels, and even colonist homes.
Act 5: The Quebec Act
- The fifth of the Intolerable Acts expanded British Canadian territory into Ohio Valley. The Quebec Province became a Catholic province and it angered a lot of American colonists. The Quebec Act wasn’t in response to the Boston Tea Party, but was passed at the same time.
What Happened After the Intolerable Acts?
The Intolerable Acts were one of the major events in the American Revolutionary War and actually united the colonies against the British. Many American Patriots spoke out and protested the acts because they believed they took away some of their basic freedoms and human rights.
In September of 1774, the Patriots organized the First Continental Congress to coordinate a protest, and between September and April of 1775 tensions escalated and the American Revolutionary War broke out.
The war lasted more than a year, ending in July 1778 with the declaration of an independent United States of America.
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Link will appear as Intolerable Acts: Facts, Definition & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 8, 2016
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