Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
The Maurya Empire, founded by Chandragupta Maurya, is considered the largest empire in India. It is known for its stupas and the Edicts of Ashoka as they embraced Buddhism as the empire’s major religion during the reign of Emperor Ashoka.
See the fact file below for more information on the Maurya Empire or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Maurya Empire worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
GEOGRAPHY and LOCATION
- Maurya Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 322 BCE in the area of Magadha in India. Its capital was Pataliputra, which is modern-day Patna.
- The empire was considered as the largest one in the Indian subcontinent stretching over five million square kilometers during its golden age under Emperor Ashoka.
- It was bordered by the Himalayas in the north, to the east by Assam, and to the west by Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan.
HISTORY and GOVERNMENT
- In 322 BCE, Chandragupta Maurya overthrew the Nanda Empire, an ancient empire founded in 345 BCE in Magadha. He invaded the empire by raising an army with the assistance of Kautilya (Chanakya), the author of the famous political book, Arthashastra (“The Science of Material Gain”).
- Being the founder, Chandragupta Maurya was the first emperor of the empire and practiced absolute monarchy.
- Chandragupta Maurya expanded its territory across central and western India. He conquered satraps, a provincial government under the Persian empire. His empire expanded further northwards by 317 BCE.
- Between 305 and 303 BCE, Chandragupta Maurya defeated Seleucus I, the founder of the Seleucid Empire. Through this, he gained territory west of the Indian River.
- Bindusara, son of Chandragupta, ascended the throne in about 297 BCE. He was known as amitraghata, a Sanskrit word meaning ‘destroyer of foes’. His reign was known for the Empire’s success in the Deccan, the southern peninsula of India.
- After Bindusara’s death in 273 BCE, historians believe that the empire went through a four-year struggle. He was succeeded by Ashoka, the last known major emperor of the empire, in 269 BCE.
- Ashoka was known for his successful campaign and bloody conquest in Kalinga, the eastern coastal region of India. He also promoted Buddhism and further expanded its influence. Due to this, the empire followed the principles of ahimsa, nonviolence, and the conquest by dharma. Dharma is a key concept in Indian religions which include laws and virtues (right way of living).
- Ashoka built stupas, commemorative burial mounds, and pillars inscribed with religious doctrines known as the Edicts of Ashoka. He also supported the creation of sanghas, or Buddhist religious communities. His reign made the empire peaceful and prosperous for over forty years.
- The empire continuously declined after Ashoka’s death as he was followed by weaker leaders. In 185 BCE, the empire’s last ruler, Brihadratha, was killed by Pushyamitra Shunga, one of his generals, who became the founder of the Shunga dynasty.
RELIGION and ECONOMY
- Both the state and the public could engage in business activities.
- The state’s revenue was from taxes. It funded the empire’s strong army as well as the creation of roads and buildings. Through this, the empire experienced a stable political and military security.
- The majority of the population were engaged in agriculture, but many also engaged in craftsmanship. Above them, in the tier, were the soldiers from the empire’s formidable and extensive army.
- The empire also engaged in trading with Greek states as well as in Southeast Asia. The Khyber Pass, the modern boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan was a strategic point for trading with the western region. They exported exotic foods, spices, textiles, and silk.
- Under Chandragupta’s reign, the empire followed Hinduism and Jainism. The state was put under Buddhism during Ashoka’s reign.
Maurya Empire Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Maurya Empire across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Maurya Empire worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Maurya Empire, founded by Chandragupta Maurya, which is considered the largest empire in India. It is known for its stupas and the Edicts of Ashoka as they embraced Buddhism as the empire’s major religion during the reign of Emperor Ashoka.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- The Maurya Empire
- Maurya Empire Word Hunt
- Fact or Bluff
- A Glance at the Maurya Empire
- Prominent Mauryan Leaders
- Maurya’s Way of Life
- Architectural Remains
- The Fall of the Maurya Empire
- Maurya Empire’s Legacy
- Discover Maurya
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Maurya Empire Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 3, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.