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In Ancient Egypt, when a pharaoh (king) died, ascension to the afterlife was the assumed natural process. The Egyptians believed that souls travel to the next world and become one of the many gods. The elaborate process of preserving the body is called mummification. As it is with movie horror monsters, mummies are portrayed as evil abominations that rise from the dead. Since then, they have become a part of Halloween spooky stories.
See the fact file below for more information on mummies & mummification or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Since 3000 BCE, the process of mummification has been a part of human rituals. Civilizations such as the Incas, Aztecs, Chinese, Japanese and Tibetans also practiced this culture.
- Ancient Egyptians are the most popular culture to have practiced the process of mummification. They believed that a person had three souls namely: the ka, the ba and the akh. Therefore, the body should be preserved for the afterlife.
- The process of mummification took place in a tent called ibu. Skilled embalmers would wash the pharaoh’s body with palm oil and water from the Nile. All organs except the heart were removed through a hole in the side of the body. Even the brain was removed using a long stick and hook.
- The heart is kept intact because the Egyptians believed that it is the center of the person. In order to remove all moisture from the body, it was rubbed with salt and wrapped in linens soaked in resin.
- Canopic jars were used to preserve and protect the organs from evil spirits. Four organs (stomach, lungs, liver, and intestines) were put back into the body during the process after they had been washed, dried and wrapped.
- In 1922, the mask of King Tutankhamun was discovered. Mummified pharaohs wore golden masks and were placed in coffins inside the pyramids.
- Ancient Egyptians also performed the mummification process on the animals that they worshipped such as cats.
- In 1821, “The Mummy” was published. This was the first time that a mummy was included in horror literature. By 1869, Louisa May Alcott published “The Pyramid: The Mummy’s Curse.”
- The curse of a mummy was highlighted after the discovery of King Tut’s tomb by Howard Carter in 1923. Two weeks after the discovery, Lord Carnavon, Carter’s sponsor, strangely died.
- In 1932, Hollywood capitalized on the fear of mummies and produced the film “The Mummy” starring Boris Karloff. Since then, mummies have personified an unstoppable monster.
- Today, Halloween parties portray mummies as tall beings with lumbering figures, outstretched arms and hanging bandages.
- Some cultures still practice the process of mummification however, ancient processes and techniques have been replaced with the modern method of plastination.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Mummy worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the elaborate process of preserving the body which is called mummification.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Mummy Facts
- Mummification Process
- Famous Pharaohs
- Spot Egyptology
- Mummy Find
- Archaeology Dig
- Mummy Files
- Tutankhamun’s Tomb
- Halloween Costumes
- Spooky Poem
- The Mummy
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Link will appear as Mummy Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 11, 2017
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