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The Ottoman Empire governed a large division of the Middle East, Eastern Europe and North Africa for about 600 years. It primarily established in 1299 and finally ended in 1923, becoming the country of Turkey.
See the fact file below for more information on the Ottoman Empire or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Ottoman Empire worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The Ottoman Empire was one in all the foremost powerful and longest-lasting dynasties in world history.
- The chief leader, called the Sultan, was given absolute religious and political authority over his folks.
- While Western Europeans commonly viewed the Ottoman Empire as a threat, many historians regard them as the origin of great regional stability and security, including the significant achievements in the arts, science, religion, and culture.
ORIGIN OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
- Osman I, leader of the Turkish clans in Anatolia, established the Ottoman Empire in 1299.
- The word “Ottoman” is taken from the name of Osman, which was “Uthman” in Arabic.
- Osman I extended his kingdom, uniting various independent nations of Anatolia under one rule. Osman instituted a formal government and granted religious tolerance over the people he surmounted.
- In 1453, Mehmed II the Conqueror directed the Ottoman Empire in capturing the city of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. This happening put an end to the 1,000-year reign of the Byzantine Empire.
- Sultan Mehmed made Constantinople the new capital of the Ottoman Empire and gave it a new name Istanbul. Istanbul turned into a domineering global center of trade and culture.
- Bayezid II, the eldest son of Mehmed, became the new Sultan after he died in 1481.
THE RISE OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
- Selim I, the son of Bayezid, brought Syria, Arabia, Palestine, and Egypt under Ottoman control in 1517.
- During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was able to reach its peak by 1520 and 1566. This era was identified by great power, stability and wealth.
- Suleiman formed a uniform system of law and embraced diverse forms of arts and literature. Numerous Muslims regarded Suleiman as a religious leader also as a political ruler.
- During Sultan Suleiman’s control, the empire expanded and covered areas of Eastern Europe.
COUNTRIES PART OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
- Regions added by the Ottoman Empire are: Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Egypt, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Some of Arabia and a considerable amount of the North African coastal strip.
OTTOMAN ART AND SCIENCE
- The Ottomans were recognized as artistic hubs for their successes in art, science, and medicine notably during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent.
- Most of their popular forms of art involved calligraphy, painting, poetry, textiles and carpet weaving, ceramics and music.
- The Ottoman architecture further helped determine the culture of the time.
- Elaborate mosques and unrestricted buildings were built throughout this era.
- Science was viewed as a major field of study while advanced arithmetic, astronomy, philosophy, physics, geography, and chemistry were learned and exercised by the Ottoman.
- In addition, some of the greatest advances in medicine invented were made by the Ottomans such as forceps, catheters, scalpels, pincers, and lancets that were still used today.
- Religion played a fundamental role in the Ottoman Empire. Even the Ottomans themselves were Muslims, they did not require the peoples they conquered to convert.
- Instead, they permitted Christians and Jews to worship without persecution. This made the people they conquered evade rebelling and allowed them to rule for a long time.
- The head of the Ottoman Empire was called the Sultan. The title of the Sultan was inherited by the oldest son. While the latest Sultan took power he would place all of his brothers into prison. Once he had a son of his own to obtain the sovereignty, he would have his brothers executed.
- There is a total of thirty-six Sultans dominated the Turkish Empire inside 1299 and 1922.
- The Ottoman Sultan would reside in the elaborate Topkapi palace complex in Istanbul. It contained thousands of gardens, courtyards, and residential and body buildings.
- A portion within the Topkapi palace is that the harem, a separate quarters reserved for wives, mistresses and female slaves. These ladies were positioned to serve the sultan, whereas the lads within the harem complex were generally eunuchs.
- There is a continuing threat of assassination for a sultan. For safety measures, he resettled nightly.
DECLINE OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
- The empire began to decline within the late 1600s. It ceased to expand and commenced to face economic competition from India and Europe.
- Internal corruption and poor leadership led to a gentle decline till the empire was abolished and also the country of Turkey was declared a republic in 1923.
- The Armenian genocide was probably the foremost controversial and inculpative event associated with the Ottomans.
- In 1915, Turkish leaders created a plan to massacre Armenians living within the Ottoman Empire. Most critics assume that about 1.5 million Armenians were killed.
- For years, the Turkish government has denied responsibility for genocide. In fact, it’s felonious, even today, to speak regarding the Armenian genocide in Turkey.
THE OTTOMAN LEGACY
- After ruling for over 600 years, the Ottoman Turks are typically remembered for their powerful military, ethnic diversity, creative ventures, religious tolerance and architectural marvels.
- The mighty empire’s influence continues to be much alive within the contemporary Turkish Republic, a modern, principally secular nation thought of by several scholars as a continuation of the ottoman empire.
Ottoman Empire Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Ottoman Empire across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Ottoman Empire worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Ottoman Empire which governed a large division of the Middle East, Eastern Europe and North Africa for about 600 years. It primarily established in 1299 and finally ended in 1923, becoming the country of Turkey.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Ottoman Empire Facts
- An Empire
- Ottoman Crossword
- Topkapi Palace
- The Magnificent Sultan
- Sultan of Ottomans
- Ottoman Empire Regions
- Truth or Trash
- Ottoman Timeline
- Pros and Cons
- Song for Ottoman Empire
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Link will appear as Ottoman Empire Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 16, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.