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Sassanid Empire is also known as Sassanian or Neo-Persian Empire. It was the last Persian Empire before the rise of Islam. Sassanid Empire was named after the House of Sassan and it ruled from 224 to 651 A.D. It was recognized as one of the leading powers that ruled for over 400 years. It was founded by Ardashir I following the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the Arsacid King.
See the fact file below for more information on the Sassanid Empire or alternatively, you can download our 30-page Sassanid Empire worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Sassanid Empire Facts
- The Sasanian Empire incorporated the majority of present-day Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Qatif, Oman, Qatar, and Kuwait), the Levant (Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, and Lebanon), the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Dagestan), Egypt, extensive parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan), Yemen, and Pakistan.
- The Sasanian Empire amid Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran’s most imperative and powerful periods and established the last, most incredible Iranian domain before the rise of Islam.
- The Sasanians’ cultural influence expanded well beyond the empire’s territorial limits, reaching as far as Western Europe, China, India, and Africa. It played a crucial role in the creation of both Asian and European art and architecture.
The Sassanian Government
- The Sassanids built up an empire, inside the frontiers accomplished by the Parthian Arsacids, with the capital at Ctesiphon in the region of Asorista.
- Sassanid rulers, during their rule, took the title of shahanshah (King of Kings), and became the central overlords. They also took the guardianship of symbol of the “the sacred fire” on their coin’s reverse. The queen of the Sasanian empire had the title of Banbishnan banbishn (Queen of Queens).
- The Sasanian rulers always gave importance to the advice of their ministers. Masudi (a Muslim historian) appreciated “the brilliant organization of the Sasanian lords, their well-designed strategies, the consideration for their subjects, and the success of their domains”.
- Normally, the monarchical office was hereditary, yet may be exchanged by the ruler to a younger son; although in two cases the power was held by queens. At the point when no immediate beneficiary was available, the nobles and prelates picked a ruler; however, their decision was limited to individuals from the royal family.
The Sassanian Military
- The Sasanian armed force was the main military body of the Sasanian military, serving closely with the Sasanian naval force.
- The introduction of the armed force goes back to the ascent of Ardashir I (r. 224– 241), the originator of the Sasanian Empire.
- Ardashir was looking to recover the Persian Empire and to achieve that aim, he transformed the military by shaping a standing armed force which was under his own order and whose officers were isolated from satraps (governors in ancient Persia), local sovereigns, and nobility. He re-established the Achaemenid military associations, held the Parthian cavalry model, and acquired different types of siege warfare and armor techniques.
- This military framework served him and his successors for more than 400 years. The Sasanian armed force secured Eranshahr (“the domain of Iran”) from the East against the invasions of central Asiatic travelers, like the Hephthalites and Turks; while in the west it was occupied with a battle against the Roman Empire.
- Because most of the occupants were the labor force, the Sasanian economy depended on cultivation and agriculture, with Khuzestan and Iraq being the most vital areas for it.
- The Nahrawan Canal is one of the best models of Sasanian water system frameworks, and a considerable number of them can be found in Iran.
- Amid the rule of Khosrau I, more land was brought under centralized administration.
- Under Parthian leadership, Zoroastrianism had divided into various territories, which likewise observed the ascent of local divinities, some from Iranian religious convention and others drawn from Greek custom as well.
- Greek agnosticism and religious thoughts had spread and blended with Zoroastrianism when Alexander the Great had vanquished Darius III from the Persian Empire – a procedure of Greco-Persian religious and social synthesisation which continued into the Parthian period.
- However, under the Sassanids, Zoroastrianism was revived and the religion experienced various imperative developments.
- Amid the early Sasanian period, Middle Persian, Greek, and Parthian showed up in the engravings of the early Sasanian rulers.
- Parthian soon vanished as an administrative language; however, it was still spoken and written in the east of Sasanian Empire, the country of the Parthians.
- Moreover, a significant number of the Parthian privileged people who had joined the Sasanian service after the fall of the Parthian Empire still spoke Parthian.
- Aramaic, as in the Achaemenid Empire, was mainly used in the Sasanian Empire and influenced languages in Middle Persian and other various languages.
Sassanid Empire Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Sassanid Empire across 30 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Sassanid Empire worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Sassanid Empire which is also known as Sassanian or Neo-Persian Empire.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Sassanid Empire Facts
- Famous Coins
- Match the columns
- Empire Eras
- Quick Facts Check
- Fill in the blanks
- Language Check
- Picture Depiction
- Sassanid Army
- Sassanid Map
- Ruled countries by Sassanid
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Use With Any Curriculum
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