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The Black Death was a pandemic plague that spread throughout Europe in the 14th Century. It’s thought that the plague wiped out around half of the population of Europe with some estimates saying that up to 200 million people lost their lives. See the fact file below for more information on the Black Death:
- The Black Death was most prominent in the years 1346 to 1353.
- The Black Death is also referred to as the ‘Great Plague’ and the ‘Great Mortality’. In London, England, it was named the ‘Bubonic Plague’.
- It was called the ‘Black Death’ because of the swollen buboes that appeared on people’s bodies that turned the skin black.
- It’s believed that the Black Death originated in Central Asia and was caused by harmful bacteria that were brought to Europe via the fleas living on black rats.
- The black rats entered Europe on trade ships that travelled between Europe and Asia.
- At the time, people did not understand where the Black Death came from or how it spread. Many people blamed God or certain communities, such as Jewish people, beggars and lepers.
- The first European country to be infected with the Black Death plague was Italy when trade ships carrying the disease landed in Sicily in 1347.
- It’s estimated that anywhere from 30-60% of people living in Europe died because of the plague, which amounts to up to 200 million people.
- The Black Death killed 50% of the people living in Paris, 40% of the people in Egypt and 60% of the people in London.
- Most people who caught the plague died within 12 hours of being bitten by an infected flea, carried by the rats.
- When people died, many were buried in wooden caskets that were marked with a red cross to show they had died from the plague. However, people were dying in large numbers and quicker than the coffins could be made, so many bodies were simply thrown into mass burial pits.
- The Black Death spread from Italy and infected most countries in Europe, including France, Spain, Portugal, England, Germany, Norway, Russia and even as far north as Iceland.
- The plague spread so quickly throughout Europe because many of the towns and cities were cramped and dirty, which gave an ideal home to the infected rats.
- The most common symptom of the Black Death was the appearance of buboes (infected swellings) on the body, in particular on the neck, armpits and groin.
- Alongside buboes, people suffering from the Black Death also showed symptoms of fever, rashes, vomiting and blackened skin.
- Outbreaks of plague happened on a regular basis during the 14th to 17th Centuries because people understood little about infection and how diseases could spread.
- The Great Plague of London in 1665 was the last of the widespread plagues in England. It killed around a quarter of London’s population.
The Black Death Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Black death worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about the pandemic plague that spread throughout Europe in the 14th Century. It’s thought that the plague wiped out around half of the population of Europe with some estimates saying that up to 200 million people lost their lives.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Black Death Facts
- Fact or Bluff
- Black Death in Numbers
- Analyzing Primary Document: “The Report of the Paris Medical Faculty”
- Eyewitness: Giovanni Boccaccio
- Picture Analysis
- Mysterious Black Death
- Cure for the Plague
- Point of View
- It Sounds Familiar
- “Brother Abandoned Brother”
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Link will appear as The Black Death Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 17, 2016
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.