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The Falklands War was the result of the Argentine invasion over the British controlled Falkland Islands. In 1982, the Royal Navy and Argentine Air Force fought the initial phase of the war at the sea until the surrender of the occupiers by June 14. See the fact file below for more information on The Falklands War or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- President Leopoldo Galtieri, head of the Argentine military junta ordered the invasion of the British Falkland Islands early in 1982.
- The Falkland Islands is an archipelago controlled by the British government. It is located in the Atlantic Ocean near Argentina.
- Most of the countries in South America except Colombia and Chile supported Argentina’s invasion. They have been claiming the islands since the 19th century.
- On April 2, 1982, Argentina started to invade the islands to draw national pride for their country that was then under human rights, political dispute, and economic issues.
- By April 3, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher with the approval of the House of Commons ordered the formation of the War Cabinet including the assembly of the naval task force.
- The task force was commanded by Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse. A total of 127 ships including 43 warships, 22 Royal Fleet Auxiliaries, and 62 merchant vessels were deployed manned with almost 9,000 soldiers and sailors. Aircrafts carrier HMS Hermes and HMS Invincible were also included.
- Two days after the landing of Argentine forces, they successfully occupied the capital Fort Stanley.
- On April 25, submarine ARA Santa Fe near South Georgia was sunk by the British forces. Meanwhile, Atlantic Conveyor was sunk by a missile causing the first British ship casualty since WWII.
- On May 2, Argentina’s HMS Belgrano was attacked by HMS Conqueror causing the death of hundreds of sailors while almost 700 were rescued. In return, Argentina fired HMS Sheffield which caused 20 dead British.
- The RAF Vulcan bombers flying from Ascension employed the “Black Buck” raid. Radars in Fort Stanley became the target of the bombers.
- On May 21, Commodore Michael Clapp led the British landing of the Amphibious Task Group at the San Carlos Water. There were approximately 4,000 British troops came ashore under the leadership of Brigadier Julian Thompson. Argentine low-flying aircrafts started bombing the ships. In 4 days, HMS Ardent, HMS Antelope, HMS Coventry, and MV Atlantic Conveyor were all hit and sunk.
- Men under Brigadier Thompson continued to march and secure the western side of the island going to Port Stanley. Additional 5,000 British troops came under Major General Jeremy Moore as they defeated the Argentine troops in Mount Kent.
- During the war, Argentine forces planted an estimated 25,000 landmines on the islands wherein most are still present today.
- By the night of June 14, Fort Stanley was recaptured by the British troops after the surrender of almost 9,000 Argentine soldiers under the leadership of General Mario Menendez. General Menendez saw the hopeless scenario of his army after the successful attacks of the British at Wireless Ridge and Mount Tumbledown.
- The Falklands War caused the death of approximately 650 Argentine soldiers and 260 British troops. Memorials were set in St. Paul’s Cathedral in London and Portsmouth naval base.
- Three days after the Argentine defeat, Galtieri was removed ending the military junta. Democracy was restored in Argentina. On the other end, Prime Minister Thatcher gained extra popularity after the victory. The event reassured Thatcher’s place in the 1983 elections.
- After the war, Argentina still claims the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. Residents of the islands were given full British citizenship in 1983.
The Falklands War Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Falklands War Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about one of the war that was the result of the Argentine invasion over the British controlled Falkland Islands. In 1982, the Royal Navy and Argentine Air Force fought the initial phase of the war at the sea until the surrender of the occupiers by June 14.
Download includes the following worksheets
- The Falklands War Facts
- War Mapping
- I Know Who
- Falklands War Statistics
- Sinking Ships
- Fact or Bluff
- Picture Puzzle
- Falkland Islands Facts
- Argentina v. United Kingdom
- The Falklands
- Territory, Power, & War
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.