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The Triple Alliance was formed on May 20, 1882. It was a truce between the nations of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The alliance was renewed periodically until it expired in 1915, during the first World War.
See the fact file below for more information on the Triple Alliance or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Triple Alliance worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
KEY FACTS & SUMMARY
- Before the Triple Alliance was formed, two of its members, Germany and Austria-Hungary, were already closely allied to each other. Their alliance was known as the Dual Alliance.
- The Triple Alliance was formed after Italy searched for military support after they lost to France as they pursued their interest in North African Countries.
- The tenet of the Triple Alliance was quite simple: to ensure mutual support to each member in case a great power, like a sovereign state, was able to wage war against them.
- During the time of the Triple Alliance, France was considered a great power, so Germany and Austria-Hungary would support Italy if attacked by France, and vice versa.
- The man credited for the alliance’s success was the Prussian Prime Minister Otto Von Bismarck. Not only did he unite Germany, but he also commanded the Triple Alliance.
- The formation of the Triple Alliance called for the formation of the opposing Triple Entente in 1907: the alliance of France, Russia, and the United Kingdom.
- The formation of the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente would eventually lead up to the First World War.
- The Alliance was renewed in 1907 and 1912.
- In 1915, when World War I broke out and Italy entered the war, Italy opposed Germany and Austria-Hungary.
- Eventually, Italy betrayed the Triple Alliance, and was found to have been secretly negotiating with France all along.
BEFORE THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE
- The Dual Alliance already existed between Germany and Austria-Hungary; it was formed on October 7, 1879.
- Otto von Bismarck planned to build a system of alliances to prevent or limit war.
- The formation of the Dual Alliance was interesting, even the fact that Germany and Austria-Hungary shared similar cultures; their opposing political interests had resulted in the Austro-Prussian War in the past.
- However, Germany and Austria-Hungary shared the same dislike of Russia; this united them.
FORMATION OF THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE
- Italy and France fought over colonial reign in Tunisia for quite a time.
- Eventually, Italy lost to France, so they sought support from other countries. In 1882, Italy joined the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary, thus the Triple Alliance was formed.
- Aside from Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, other countries belonged to the Triple Alliance.
- Shortly after Italy joined the alliance, Serbia also joined through a treaty with Austria-Hungary.
- In 1883, under the orders of King Carol I, Romania secretly joined the alliance.
- King Carol I, aside from coming from Germanic descent, also feared the possibility that Romania would be affected by Russian expansion.
CONDITIONS OF THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE
- The treaty of The Triple Alliance stated that Germany and Austria-Hungary would assist Italy if France attacked without being provoked.
- Italy agreed that they would assist Germany if it was attacked by France.
- However, Italy chose to be neutral if France attacked Austria-Hungary.
- In 1887, the treaty of the Triple Alliance was renewed. Germany promised support to Italy, in terms of its ambitions to establish a colony in North African territory, in exchange for continued friendship.
DISPUTES DESPITE THE TREATY
- Austria-Hungary would not accept or agree with Italy initiating territorial changes in the Balkans, or on the seasides and islands of the Adriatic and Aegean Seas.
- Austria-Hungary and Italy were not able to settle their conflict of interest regarding this region, despite a treaty they agreed upon.
- Britain attempted to join the Triple Alliance in 1891, but was unsuccessful due to rumors that it had already sided with Russia.
- Later on, this would be proven as the Triple Entente emerged.
- Italy’s betrayal of the Triple Alliance happened in 1902.
- Shortly after, the treaty of the Triple Alliance was renewed.
- Italy had already extended an agreement to France.
- On November 1, 1902, Italy and France agreed that they would remain neutral in the event of an attack on the other.
EMERGENCE OF THE TRIPLE ENTENTE
- The plan to establish an alliance opposing The Triple Alliance started in 1890, when Germany refused to renew the Treaty of Berlin with Russia.
- Russia began seeking assistance to other countries, and France was the perfect candidate for an ally, as they shared the same dislike of Germany.
- By this time France was still seeking revenge for its loss in the Franco-Prussian War.
- In 1907, after the defeat of Russia in the Russo-Japanese war, Britain gradually sided with Russia, and the Anglo-Russian Entente was formed.
- Shortly after, France, Britain, and Russia formed the Triple Entente, an international force that would oppose the Triple Alliance.
Triple Alliance Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Triple Alliance across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Triple Alliance worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Triple Alliance which was formed on May 20, 1882. It was a truce between the nations of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The alliance was renewed periodically until it expired in 1915, during the first World War.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Triple Alliance Facts
- Identifying Alliances
- Building Vocabulary
- History Review
- Conditions Checklist
- Alliance Leaders
- Which Country?
- Passage Analysis
- Sketching Down Memory Lane
- Existing Unions
- My Important Alliances
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Link will appear as Triple Alliance Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 21, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.