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Table of Contents
Before the outbreak of World War I, European countries were busy forming pacts and agreements. One of these agreements was the Triple Entente. It was a pact between the British Empire, France, and Russia.
See the fact file below for more information on the Triple Entente or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Triple Entente worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM
- Europe’s rise to power had caused several countries to defeat each other from the late 1800s to the early 1900s.
- During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871, Prussia defeated the Second French Empire, resulting in the third republic and isolation by the German nation.
- Through Otto von Bismarck, the first German chancellor, Germany was united. However, he needed assurance of security, thus he formed a triple alliance in 1888. It included Austria, Hungary, and Italy.
- Tensions grew between Russia and Austria-Hungary because of the Balkans and the Ottoman territories.
- Potentially under threat, Germany entered into a secret agreement with Russia, the Reinsurance Treaty, which stated that Germany would not join Austria in the case of an attack against Russia, and Russia would not join France in the case of an attack on Germany.
- However, upon the entry of new Russian rule, the treaty was scrapped.
- This did not deter Germany’s eventual race to power.
- To respond to this, France and Russia established the Franco-Russian Alliance in 1882. Great Britain and France signed the Entente Cordiale in 1904, and when Russia joined in 1907, it became the Triple Entente.
THE THREE NATIONS
- Russia, France, and Great Britain had originally considered each other great rivals.
- Earlier in history, France and Russia had fought against each other during the Napoleonic wars.
- France and Britain also fought during the Hundred Years’ War.
- Furthermore, these three countries had always competed for colonial territories in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.
- However, the growing power and aggression of Germany threatened surrounding countries, like France and Great Britain.
- The danger was even more cemented when Germany formed the Triple Alliance.
- The Triple Alliance was formed with the condition that Germany and Austria-Hungary were to assist Italy if it was attacked by France without Italian provocation. In return, Italy would assist Germany if Germany was attacked by France.
- With individual interests and for the convenience of having an ally, Great Britain, France, and Russia formed a comparable alliance in 1907.
- Each country pledged to come to the military aid of another if that country were attacked.
- To the Germans, the Triple Entente was an obvious roadblock designed to foil their rightful claims to world power and prestige.
- Naval race, commercial competition, imperialism, and institutional violence of the armed states endured for several years, but none of these sparked international armed conflict.
TRIPLE ENTENTE IN WWI
- The tension between Germany and Russia resulted from Germany’s support of Austria-Hungary in its rivalry with Russia for control of the Balkan Peninsula.
- Serbia declared independence in 1878 and gained an alliance with Russia. When a Bosnian Serb, who was trained by a Serbian terrorist organization called the Black Hand, shot and killed Austria-Hungary’s Archduke Franz Ferdinand, war eventually broke out.
- Russia had to honor its promise and supported Serbia. The former also called for the support of its other allies in the Triple Entente as the world entered into war.
- When the fighting began in 1914, Germany was more than prepared for a decade. However, the growing number of countries aligning with the Triple Entente began to corner the Alliance.
- Despite the early defeats in the Eastern front and the stalemate in the Western end, the entry of the United States and a British naval blockade turned the tide until Germany was driven to a corner not only by the enemies but also by rising political unrest inside the nation.
- By November 11, 1918, Germany surrendered, ending the first World War.
Triple Entente Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Triple Entente across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Triple Entente worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Triple Entente. Before the outbreak of World War I, European countries were busy forming pacts and agreements. One of these agreements was the Triple Entente. It was a pact between the British Empire, France, and Russia.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Triple Entente Facts
- Map of Alliances
- Timeline of Alliances
- Entente Translation
- Entente Nations
- Future of the Nations
- Royal Symbol
- Picturesque France
- The Russian Empire
- Result of the Entente
- Making an Alliance
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Link will appear as Triple Entente Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 24, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.