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A Victorian house generally means any house built during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). During the Industrial Revolution successive housing booms resulted in the building of many millions of Victorian houses which are now a defining feature of most British towns and cities. See the fact file below for more information about Victorian housing.
Victorian Housing (built between 1837 and 1901)
Millions of houses were built in the Victorian era thanks to the industrial revolution and the consequent housing booms. With progression in many areas, housing not excluded, the following are some of the main features developed and introduced in Victorian Housing:
- Access to hot and cold water: At the beginning of Queen Victoria’s’ Reign only very wealthy people had running water and boilers, however they were quite common by the end of the Victorian era.
- Lights: Gas powered lighting developed rapidly during Victorian times and was a common feature in most homes.
- Storage: Most houses had cellars built in to store coal ready to make fires in the winter
- Clean facilities: Regulations were brought in to focus on cleanliness and access to basic sanitation. These included proper drainage and waste disposal facilities such as an ashpit or dustbin. Most people also had toilet facilities, either as a privy (an outdoor hut with a hole in it), or for the more wealthy, an inside water closet.
- Sash windows: these functioned by sliding the bottoms half of the window upwards,
- Style: Most housing was either built in the form of terraced housing or detached buildings.
- Materials used for building: Houses were standardly built out of bricks or local stone with slated roofs. No matter where the housing was built, materials used were generally the same thanks to the development of the railways allowing transportation of the materials.
The differences between housing for the rich and the poor were huge, not all could afford the new systems. Here are some examples of how they lived.
Poor people generally lived in very cramped housing and you would often find an entire family living in one room. In some areas, where people moved closer to the factories and mills to find work, it was not uncommon to find several families occupying small two up two down houses.
The rich had it much better with spacious living quarters not only for themselves but for the servants they employed too. Someone had to keep those fireplaces clean – most middle to upper class Victorian houses had one in every room.
The poor lived in grizzly conditions, often with sewage running through the streets and one or two outside toilets that were shared with the entire streets. They would bathe in huge tins in the kitchen, with the household all sharing the same water. Some were not fortunate enough to be able to bathe at all. There were often no waste disposal systems so rubbish was tipped out onto the street. Many houses did not have running water and shared a communal water pump which was often polluted. It is not surprising that illness and disease spread easily through communities.
Rich people fared much better during Victorian times with spacious homes containing underground sewers to dispose of waste, running water in kitchens, toilets that flushed, gas lighting – later upgraded to electric lights as they became more available, and warm well decorated rooms.
Victorian Houses Worksheets
This bundle includes 12 ready-to-use Victorian Houses worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about houses built during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). During the Industrial Revolution successive housing booms resulted in the building of many millions of Victorian houses which are now a defining feature of most British towns and cities.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Victorian House Facts
- Victorian House Word Search
- Fact or Bluff
- Connect the Words
- Picture Crossword
- Parallel Timeline
- Compare and Contrast
- Design Your Victorian House
- Local History
- Victorian Daily
- How Can I Help?
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Link will appear as Victorian Houses Facts and Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 23, 2016
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.