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The American Old West, also known as the American frontier or the Wild West, means the history, geography, people, and culture of life in the Western United States. This often referring to the period of the later half of the 19th century, between the American Civil War and the end of the century. See the fact file below for more information and facts about The Wild West.
- The American Wild West took place in the Western United States, just about anywhere west of the Mississippi River. It occurred in the early part of the 19th century and lasted until the end of the Mexican Revolution in 1920.
- Many conflicts were occurring as people moved further onto the lands occupied by Native American tribes. The people moving onto to these lands claimed the land as their land. The Native American didn’t believe that anyone could own land. They believed the land was there for everyone to use and enjoy.
- In 1877, Congress passed the Desert Land Act which permitted settlers to purchase up to 640 acres of public land at 25 cents an acre. This occurred in areas where the climate required large-scale farming. Settlers were required to properly irrigate the land they purchased. Thousands of people moved west to take advantage of this opportunity. Wagon trains moved many settlers.
- The American west had all sorts of people including pioneers, business people, scouts, lawmen, outlaws, gangs, gunslingers, and cowboys. Most of these people had one thing in common… they were looking for an opportunity and they weren’t afraid of adventure.
- No one has any way of actually knowing how many Native American people inhabited North America before exploration on the continent began, but some estimates go as high as 100 million people. There were 240 Native American tribes which spoke 300 different languages.
- Many legends have come out of the Old West, but none as big as the outlaws. Some of the most famous outlaws were: Billy the Kid, Belle Starr, Bill Doolin, Black Bart, Dalton Brothers, Jesse James, Frank James, Curly Bill, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. Some of the famous lawmen were: Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, Pat Garrett, Wild Bill Hickok, and Bill Tilghman.
- In 1867, the first cattle drive from Texas up the Chisholm Trail arrived at the rail yards of Abilene, Kansas.
- Another big part of the Old West was the Wild West Show. Buffalo Bill created a wild west show that included a rodeo and sharpshooting. One of his most famous sharpshooter was a woman. Her name was Annie Oakley.
- The Pony Express officially began on April 3, 1860. The Pony Express consisted of relays of men riding horses carrying saddlebags of mail across a 2000-mile trail from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. The first westbound trip was made in 9 days and 23 hours and the eastbound journey in 11 days and 12 hours. The pony riders covered 250 miles in a 24-hour day. The Pony Express lasted only 19 months and ended on October 24, 1861, when the Pacific Telegraph was completed. Before it ended, the Pony Express had more than 100 stations, 80 riders, and between 400 and 500 horses. The express route was extremely hazardous, but only one mail delivery was ever lost.
- In 1874, Joseph Glidden received a patent for his invention of barbed wire. The fencing changed farming and ranching in the Wild West.
Wild West Worksheets
This bundle includes 10 ready-to-use Wild West worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about the Wild West period which means the history, geography, people, and culture of life in the Western United States. This often referring to the period of the later half of the 19th century, between the American Civil War and the end of the century.
Throughout the extensive worksheet pack there are multiple lesson resources and quizzes for students to practice their knowledge which can be used within the classroom or homeschooling environment.
Included Wild West worksheets:
Wild West Coloring Page
Fun task where students have to color the page provided.
Wild West Criss Cross
Crossword task where students are challenged to fit the supplied words into the correct areas of the puzzle.
Wild West Word Search
Word search activity. Can you provide the words supplied?
Wild West Labeling
Students are tasked to label the cowboy with the words in the word bank.
Fill In The Blanks
Students are challenged to write a sentence about The Wild West based on each letter of the word “Cowboy”.
Wild West Acrostic
Students are challenged to look at some examples of Danse Macabre art and create a piece of their own.
Wild West Organizer
Complete the Wild West organizer based on the Wild West fact.
Wild West Matching Type
Students are challenged to match the descriptions in Column A to the terms in Column B.
Wild West Writing Prompt
Wild West writing prompt exercise with a number of challenging questions.
After completing these worksheets students will be able to:
- Have a clear understanding about the history of the Wild West.
- Complete a number of quiz and fill in the blank activities to test their knowledge of the subject.
- Understand key events from this pivotal period of time.
- Understand facts and fiction based upon studies.
- Share thoughts and expressions on what they have studied.
- Understand chronology and timelines and use dates to identify other famous periods of time.
- Multiple core literacy skills are worked on and are the foundation of this study worksheet pack.
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.