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Day of Valor or Araw ng Kagitingan in Filipino is the Philippines’ national regular observance that commemorates the fall of Bataan during World War II. Araw ng Kagitingan, also known as Bataan Day or Bataan and Corregidor Day, is celebrated annually on April 9th.
See the fact file below for more information on the Day of Valor Philippines or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Day of Valor Philippines worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
A PUBLIC HOLIDAY
- The Day of Valor is a public holiday in the Philippines that falls every 9th of April.
- If the date conflicts with an Easter holiday, then the day may be moved, as was the case in 2009.
- It is a day off for the general Filipino population.
- Schools and most business establishments are closed on this day.
- Official instruments appointing this holiday have specified many different names.
- In 1961, Congress passed the Republic Act 3022 naming April 9 of every year as Bataan Day.
- In 1987, Executive Order 203 changed all of the national holidays in the Philippines, referring to the April 9 holiday as “Araw ng Kagitingan (Bataan and Corregidor Day)”.
- After less than a month, another executive order (No. 292) revised the holidays once more referring to the April 9 holiday as “Araw ng Kagitingan (Bataan and Corregidor Day)”.
- In 2007, Congress passed the Republic Act No. 9492 putting into law the “Holiday Economics” policy of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo which set the observance of all holidays, with the exception of New Year’s Day and Christmas, to the nearest Monday. This led to the holiday celebrated on the Monday nearest April 9 being “Araw ng Kagitingan (Bataan and Corregidor Day)”.
- Beginning with the presidency of Benigno Aquino III, all recognition of the holiday has been observed on April 9, instead of being moved to the nearest Monday, and the holiday has been called simply “Araw ng Kagitingan”.
- Presidential proclamation No. 84 again revised the holidays in 2010, referring to the April 9 holiday as “Araw ng Kagitingan”.
- At dawn on April 9th, 1942, Major General King of the United States Army forced his forces of over 76,000 starving and disease-ridden Filipino, Chinese and American soldiers to surrender to the Japanese.
- The Japanese troops confiscated the belongings of these prisoners of war before being forced to endure the infamous Bataan Death March to Camp O’Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.
- Over 20,000 prisoners died on this march from dehydration, heat prostration, untreated wounds, or wanton execution while walking in deep dust over vehicle-broken Macadam roads, and crammed into rail cars for transport to captivity.
- Only some 54,000 of the 76,000 prisoners reached their destination; the precise death toll is difficult to assess since thousands of captives escaped from their guards.
- While the holiday signifies a victory for the Japanese, the heroic defense of Bataan by those soldiers was regarded as the key event in the war, as it gave the allies time to prepare for following battles that halted Japanese progress in the pacific and ultimately led to a turn in fortunes and allied victory.
- The Bataan peninsula was finally retaken by American and Filipino forces on February 8, 1945.
- To mark the celebration, veterans from the Second World War march in many cities across the Philippines. The key event occurs at the Mt. Samat Shrine in Bataan, which pays tribute to the heroism and sacrifice of the combined Filipino-American troops during World War II.
- The Philippine president gives a speech to honour the veterans.
Day of Valor Philippines Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Day of Valor Philippines across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Day of Valor Philippines worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Day of Valor or Araw ng Kagitingan in Filipino which is the Philippines’ national regular observance that commemorates the fall of Bataan during World War II. Araw ng Kagitingan, also known as Bataan Day or Bataan and Corregidor Day, is celebrated annually on April 9th.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Day of Valor Philippines Facts
- Philippine Flag
- Valor Definition
- Significance of Valor
- My Country’s Valor Day
- Arrange the Events
- Story Time
- Heroic Struggles
- Commemorative Poster
- He Survived!
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Link will appear as Day of Valor Philippines Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 22, 2021
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.