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Raksha Bandhan is a festival that is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Shravan (August – Gregorian Calendar) according to the Hindu Lunar calendar.
See the fact file below for more information on the Raksha Bandhan or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Raksha Bandhan worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Indians celebrate the festival of Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi) mainly for protection. Stories and legends vary on how this celebration became popular in India.
- Indra Indrani: Rakhi is a sacred thread of protection and is tied to loved ones for protection. During the battle of the gods and demons in the Vedic period, Indrani, the companion of Indra, tied a sacred thread on the wrist of her husband for protection against the evil demons.
- Krishna and Draupadi: In Mahabharata, Krishna hurt his finger when he sent his Sudarshan Chakra from his finger to behead Shishupala.
- Draupadi then bandaged his finger with a piece of cloth from her saree. The Indian god was moved by her deed and promised to protect her.
- Yama Yamuna: Yama tied a sacred thread on the wrist of her brother Yamuna for protection from the curse of dead and mutilation from his stepmother, Chhaya.
- King Bali and Goddess Laxmi: Goddess Laxmi disguised as a Brahmin woman and tied a rakhi to King Bali during Shravan Purnima. She then revealed herself and ordered the king to release his companion, Vishnu, to return to Vaikunth.
- Santoshi Maa and Lord Ganesha: This legend is considered the main reason behind the celebration of Raksha Bandhan. Lord Ganesha’s two sons asked him to bring a sister who would tie rakhi to them. In response, Ganesha created Santoshi Maa who tied rakhi to his sons.
SIGNIFICANCE OF RAKSHA BANDHAN
- During this occasion, sisters tie Rakhi to their brothers and pray to for their wellbeing.
- Brothers then pledge to protect their sisters from evil.
- People also tie rakhi to their friends and close relatives to spread love and care.
- Rakhi was also used to protect close friends from evil.
- It was also used as a symbol of bringing the Hindus and Muslims together during the Bengal partition that took place during the struggle of Independence in India.
- Rabindranath Tagore also used rakhi to bring harmony and brotherhood between the two religions to stop the partitioning Bengal by the British.
- Raksha Bandhan is celebrated every full moon in the month of Shravan or August in accordance to the Hindu calendar.
- There are many other festivals celebrated on this day by different communities in India:
- Avani Avattam: Observed by the Brahmin community, they exchange threads called ‘janeu’ and pray to their ancestors for the forgiveness of their sins. They also give offerings to thank them for their teachings.
- Kajri Purnima: Celebrated in the north and central part of India, farmers and mothers worship goddess Bhagwati for good crops and the wellbeing of their sons.
- Pavitropana: Devotees of Shiva make a thread from the mixture of panchagavya (made of cow dung, urine, and milk; the two derived products of curd and ghee) and place it on the Shivalinga (cult image).
- Nariyal Purnima: Fishermen in the coastal regions of West India celebrate this festival by offering nariyal or coconut to the Sea god, Varuna and pray for their good sea trade.
- A few days before Raksha Bandhan, sisters shop for striking rakhi and sweets for their brothers.
- They also buy other things that are required for the ritual like roli chawal, pooja thali, coconut, etc. The brothers buy gifts for their sisters.
- On the day of Raksha Bandhan, everyone wakes up early and bathes. They then perform puja (act of worship) and do the aarti (ceremony of lights) of the Gods.
- The sisters then apply a teeka of roli and chawal (red colored powder) on the forehead of their brothers, tie the rakhi and give them sweets to eat.
- Brothers then give gifts to their sisters and they both have a meal together.
Raksha Bandhan Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Raksha Bandhan across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Raksha Bandhan worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Raksha Bandhan which is a festival that is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Shravan (August – Gregorian Calendar) according to the Hindu Lunar calendar.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Country that Celebrates
- Holy Days
- It Means…
- Having Siblings
- Rakhi Decorations
- My Thali
- Rakhi Recipe
- Best Dressed
- Dressed for an Occasion
- Make a Rakhi
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Link will appear as Raksha Bandhan Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 29, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.