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Compound sentences have more than one subject and more than one verb. They are two complete thoughts joined by a punctuation mark, usually a semicolon or a conjunction.
Remember that an independent clause is a complete sentence, or thought, that has a subject and a verb. That means two independent clauses are two complete thoughts joined together. Let’s look at an example of a compound sentence.
Example: I have a cat, and I have a dog.
We could separate the compound sentence into two smaller, complete thoughts.
Sentence 1: I have a cat.
Sentence 2: I have a dog.
The compound sentence uses a conjunction to combine the two complete thoughts. A conjunction is a word used to connect sentences. Many conjunctions use commas and a coordinating conjunction, or coordinator (and, but, so, or, yet, etc).
In the following compound sentences, the coordinator and comma have been underlined to see how two complete sentences have been turned into a compound sentence.
I want to go to the party, but I have too much homework to do.
Your mother is wise, so you should listen to her.
You can also create a compound sentence by using a semicolon. Instead of using a coordinating conjunction, you can put this punctuation mark between the two complete sentences.
Example: My sister likes to swim; she is on the swimming team.
The two simple sentences could stand by themselves, but we put a semicolon between them to connect them in thought. A semicolon does not use a coordinating conjunction. Instead, the semicolon tells the reader that there are two complete thoughts, but those thoughts are closely related in idea. The semicolon, unlike the conjunction, also creates a longer pause. If you read the sentences with the conjunction, then you will find that the sentences flow much more quickly. One reason someone may use a semicolon is to allow the reader to pause a little bit longer between the complete thoughts. Look at the following example, using a semicolon, and notice that the second half of the sentence clarifies the first half.
Compound Sentences Worksheets
This bundle contains 5 ready-to-use Compound Sentences worksheets that are perfect to test student knowledge and understanding of Compound sentences which are those sentences that have more than one independent clauses, or those sentences that are actually two complete thoughts combined into one.
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These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.