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Table of Contents
Without exactly telling the time, how can a person determine whether an action has happened, currently happening, or will happen? Let’s find out!
See the fact file below for more information on Past, Present & Future or alternatively, you can download our 32-page Past, Present & Future worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- English speakers determine the chronology of action through verb tenses.
- The tense of a verb tells when the action takes place.
- The word “tense” came from the Latin word, “Tempus”, which means time.
- The three main tenses are the past, present, and future.
- Different things are expressed by just using the tenses of a verb.
- However, some cultures do not use grammatical tenses and have different ways of telling the time of an action.
- Therefore, it may take a long time for a non-native English learner to learn the verb tenses.
- The tenses help create complex sentence structures while keeping clear communication.
Learning the Tenses of Verb
- To have mastery of the tenses of the verb, keep the following reminders in mind:
- Take the time to learn about the tenses.
- Learn each tense thoroughly and move on to the next when you fully understand the idea.
- A way to quickly and easily study the tenses is by exposing yourself to the English language.
- Practice what you’ve learned.
Simple Tenses of Verb
- These are verbs that are currently happening.
- They can also pertain to actions that usually happen, such as routines or habits.
- These verbs can be used to tell stories and discuss facts or widely accepted beliefs.
- It is usually formed by adding -s or -es to the root word of the verbs.
- She brushes her teeth every night.
- We always pray together before going to sleep.
- Mark practices his dance every day.
- Sandy cooks for her friend.
- Mr. Han loves sports.
- For regular verbs, just add -s to the root word.
- dance – dances
- drink – drinks
- For verbs ending in -ch, -x, -th, -ss, -sh, or -z, simple present tense is formed by simply adding -es.
- breach – breaches
- fix – fixes
- badmouth – badmouths
- express – expresses
- crash – crashes
- buzz – buzzes
- For verbs ending -y, change -y to -i and then add -es if the letter before -y is a consonant.
- Cry – Cries
- Spy – Spies
- Fly – Flies
- Simply add -s for verbs ending in -y preceded by a vowel.
- Stay – Stays
- Pray – Prays
- Play – Plays
- The verb “to be” is an example of an irregular verb.
- When making its present tense, you can use am/is/are.
- We are minors.
- She is still in school.
- I am sick.
- To use it for negation, just combine do/does + not + root word of the verb or simply don’t/doesn’t + root word of the verb.
- Lindsay does not want chocolates.
- They do not like naughty kids.
- She doesn’t like commitments.
- We don’t need expensive cars.
- Do/Does can also be used in asking questions in the present tense.
- A subject is usually found in between do/does and the root word of the verb.
- Do you want coffee?
- Does she need help?
- Why do you like strawberries?
- Why does the baby cry?
- Do you want bread or chips?
- Does she want to watch or perform?
- For Pronouns:
- Copy the root word of the verb except for pronouns in the third-person singular.
- Add -s or -es for verbs with third-person singular as subjects.
|First-Person||I enjoy singing.||First-Person||We enjoy singing.|
|Second-Person||You enjoy singing.||Second-Person||You enjoy singing.|
|Third-Person||She enjoys singing.||Third-Person||They enjoy singing.|
- These are actions that already happened in the past.
- Mother combed my hair last night.
- I loved the show yesterday.
- Max created a robot last month.
- She glared at Maui.
- The doctor got sick.
- The past tense of regular verbs can be formed by just adding -d or -ed to the root form of the verb.
- shout – shouted Talk – talked
- dance – danced Stop – stopped
- step – stepped Roll – rolled
- The past tense of irregular verbs can be formed by changing the spelling.
- make – made go – went
- teach – taught sleep – slept
- fall – fell find – found
- In some cases, the past tense of the verb is also the same as the root word of the verb.
- cut – cut put – put
- read – read hit – hit
- bet – bet burst – burst
- To negate a simple past tense, use did + not + root word of the verb or simply didn’t + root word of the verb.
- She did not bring her wallet.
- Sam didn’t tell her to come.
- To ask questions, use did + subject + root word of the verb.
- Did you bring the alcohol?
- Did the artist win the award?
- For the verb “to be”, was/were is used to create its simple past tense.
- Its negation does not require the word “did” but can be formed by adding “not” to was/were.
- Teddy was at the studio.
- They were at the hall this morning.
- Amy was not in the meeting.
- Claire and Marie were not in the band practice.
- To ask questions, using the verb “to be” in past tense, just use was/were + subject.
- Was she supposed to go to the salon?
- Were you in a bad condition lately?
- These are verbs yet to happen or will happen in the future.
- Whether the subject is plural or singular, the future tense of the verb remains the same.
- It is usually formed by adding will + root word of the verb.
- She will train for the competition tomorrow.
- Sasha will skate later.
- I will spend my vacation in the beach.
- Henry will feed his pets tonight.
- We will volunteer at the orphanage next week.
- It can also be formed by adding am/is/are with the word “going to” plus the root word of the verb.
- I am going to the party.
- She is going to study later.
- They are going to the cafe.
- Cindy is going to host the event.
- My best friend is going to visit me next month.
- A simple future negative is formed by:
- will + not + root word of the verb
- am/is/are + not + going to + root word of the verb.
- I will not clean the house tomorrow
- She will not meet with Cedie next Monday.
- The company is not going to release a statement later.
- Mandy and Ryan are not going to see the movie tomorrow.
- The following are used when asking questions using the simple future tense:
- will + subject + root word of the verb
- am/is/are + subject + going to + root word of the verb.
- Will the cast go on a vacation after the shoot?
- Is she going to run in the election?
Past, Present & Future Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about the Past, Present & Future across 32 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Past, Present & Futureis which are words that tell us when an action took place.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Past, Present, Future Facts
- Tenses of Verbs
- Mission Complete
- The Right Action
- Past Tense
- Regular or Irregular?
- Present Tense
- Future Tense
- Fill Me In
- The Right Action
- Choosing The Correct Sentence
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Link will appear as Past, Present & Future Verbs Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 20, 2022
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.