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Sentence fragments are incomplete sentences or sentences that do not contain a complete thought with correct grammar. Usually, sentence fragments are pieces of sentences that have become chopped up, separated, or disconnected from the main clause. To fix sentence fragments, punctuation may need to be added, words may have to be added or removed, or the original sentence or fragment may have to be rewritten completely.
The following examples show a fragment first and then a way to possibly change the fragment into a full sentence.
Fragment: The shop offers many kinds of ice cream. Vanilla, chocolate, strawberry, and mint.
Complete: The shop offers many kinds of ice cream, such as vanilla, chocolate, strawberry, and mint.
If you look at the fragment, the first sentence about the shop is a full sentence. It has a subject (the shop) and the verb (offers). However, the fragment comes after the period. “Vanilla, chocolate, strawberry, and mint” is not a complete thought. If you read it aloud, you can tell that it makes no sense by itself. It has no verb or subject. It is simply not a full thought. To fix the fragment, we can add it to the first sentence. Instead of a period, you can add a comma, and you must add the conjunctive words “such as” to make it a full thought. Read the complete sentence aloud. When you read it aloud, you can hear that it now makes sense.
Some sentence fragments might be harder to figure out. They could be missing a subject or a verb, which are the key components of a complete sentence. Look at the example below.
Fragment: Dogs of all kinds
Read this sentence aloud. It is not complete. What are the dogs doing? Are the dogs the main subject of this sentence? Is this a complete thought? We have no verb, and the subject may not even be the dogs. This fragment could undergo several types of revision.
Completed #1 : Dogs of all kinds were running around the dog park this afternoon.
Completed #1 : They found dogs of all kinds when they went to the shelter to adopt a dog.
The following example is an example of a fragment where a main subject/noun is missing:
Fragment: hired Sam to paint a mural on the brick wall of the library.
Who hired Sam? We know what this person is hired to do, but we do not know who hired Sam. They are not mentioned. A revision would create a subject for this sentence.
Completed: The staff hired Sam to paint a mural on the brick wall of the library.
A good trick to follow is to read the sentence aloud. Many times, fragments will simply not sound “right” to native English speakers. The fragments will not make sense and sound like a baby or caveman talking in incomplete sentences, or it will just sound like nonsense. Make sure that fragments are turned into complete thoughts that are communicated through complete sentences.
Sentence Fragments Worksheets
This bundle contains 5 ready-to-use Sentence Fragments worksheets that are perfect to test student knowledge and understanding of Sentence fragments which are incomplete sentences or sentences that do not contain a complete thought with correct grammar.
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Link will appear as Sentence Fragments Worksheets, Examples & Definition: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 5, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.