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Hawaii is the 50th and most recent U.S. state to join the United States, having joined the Union on August 21, 1959. It is the only U.S. state located in Oceania and the only one made up entirely of islands.
See the fact file below for more information about the state of Hawaii or download the comprehensive worksheet collection to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Became a State
August 21, 1959 (50th)
Central Pacific Ocean, southwest of continental United States
10,931 sq. miles (43rd)
Honolulu, Hilo, Kaneohe, Kailua, Waipahu, Lahaina, Pearl City, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Kihei, Lihue
sandalwood, whaling, sugarcane, pineapple, coffee, macadamia nuts, livestock
tropical climate varies on each island because of windward or leeward winds
averages 23 inches, except Kauai which has the second largest amount of rainfall on earth – 460 inches yearly
Professional Sports Teams
Hawaii National Football team is not internationally recognized
Most Famous Citizens
Barack Obama (President of the United States)
Father Damien (priest)
Hiram fong (senator)
Kamehameha I (lst King of Hawaii)
Daniel Akaka (senator)
Daniel Inouye (senator)
Mazie Hirono (representative)
Don Ho (singer)
Liluokalani (Queen of Hawaii)
Bird – Nene
Flower – Yellow Hibiscus
Animal – Humpback Whale
Tree – Candlenut
Additional State Facts & History:
- Only 7 of its 132 islands are inhabited: Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, Kauai, and Niihau.
- Hawaii is known for its beautiful beaches.
- Many beaches are filled with white sand, but other Hawaiian shores are covered with green, red, pink, and even black sand.
- The Polynesians were the first people to arrive at Hawaii, who travelled by canoe around 500 AD.
- They farmed the land and fished for food.
- They were ruled by a chief called an ali’i.
- The first recorded visit to Hawaii by a European was by British explorer Captain James Cook in 1778.
- At first, the local inhabitants treated Cook as if he was a god and they brought him and his crew many gifts.
- Cook named the islands the Sandwich Islands after the Earl of Sandwich.
- His crew got into a fight with the local inhabitants and Cook was killed.
- In the late 1700s, Chief Kamehameha began to rise to power and he took over each of the islands.
- By 1810, he had taken control of all the islands and became the first Hawaiian king.
- In 1820, Christian missionaries arrived in Hawaii.
- They opened schools and taught the Hawaiians how to speak English.
- They also created an alphabet for the Hawaiian language, which had never been written down before.
- About the same time the missionaries arrived, so did whalers.
- The whalers hunted for whales in the waters around the islands.
- For the next fifty years, whaling ships came to Hawaii.
- They brought money, new ideas, and disease.
- Many of the Hawaiians died from the new diseases brought by the Europeans.
- Also, many Hawaiian traditions, including the kapu law came to an end during this time.
- In the mid-1800s, the main industry in Hawaii was farming sugarcane.
- Many people moved to Hawaii from places like China and Japan to work the sugarcane fields.
- The Kingdom of Hawaii and the United States had established close ties and trade treaties.
- In 1893, the Kingdom of Hawaii was overthrown and the Republic of Hawaii was established.
- A few years later, Hawaii became a territory of the United States.
- Over the next several years the United States would built military bases on the islands including Pearl Harbor.
- When World War II began, the United States did not join in the fighting. The hope was that the U.S. could stay out of the war.
- However, on December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor. Many U.S. ships were sunk including the USS Arizona and around 2,500 people were killed. The U.S. then entered the war and helped to defeat the Axis powers including Germany and Japan.
- After World War II, many people began to want Hawaii to become a state.
- On August 21, 1959 Hawaii was admitted to the Union as the 50th state.
- Hawaii is teeming with native birds like the pueo or the Hawaiian owl, noio (a type of tern), and Hawaii’s state bird, the nene.
- Hawaii’s waters are also rich with monk seals, hawksbill turtles, and lizardfish. Humpback whales visit the waters from December to May to mate, give birth, and nurture their calves.
- Hawaii’ also have rich soil which has sugarcane, pineapples, coffee, macadamia nuts, and flowers are all important sources of income for the state’s economy.
- Tourism is the state’s leading source of income.
- Barack Obama, who was born in Honolulu, was elected the 44th president of the United States.
- Entertainer Bette Midler was also born in Honolulu.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Hawaii State Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Missouri which is a state located in the Midwestern United States. It is the 21st most extensive and the 18th most populated of the fifty states. The state comprises 114 counties and the independent city of St. Louis.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Hawaii Facts
- Know Hawaii
- Hawaii Islands
- True or False
- Sugar Cane
- Pearl Harbor
- Humpback Whales
- Barack Obama
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.