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Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party who initiated the Second World War in 1939 when he invaded Poland. Known as an evil dictator responsible for the death of millions of Jewish people and other minority groups during the Holocaust, Hitler’s life, upbringing and drivers remain of interest in what drove him to such cruelty.
See the fact file below for more information on the Adolf Hitler or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Adolf Hitler worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Adolf Hitler was born in Austria on April 20, 1889 to his mother, Klara, and his father, Alois.
- Hitler’s father had an angry temperament, and although Hitler grew up in a relatively comfortable house, he felt intimidated by his father.
- Hitler had 5 siblings – four of which died in infancy.
- The death of his brother Edmund in 1900 marked the point when Hitler changed from a confident and outgoing boy to a reclusive and detached boy who fought a lot with his father and his teachers at school.
- Hitler loved painting, and wanted to pursue his passion, but his father didn’t approve, and sent him away to secondary school, where Hitler purposely did poorly so his father could see how much he was struggling, and let him pursue his artistic dreams.
HITLER MOVES TO AUSTRIA AND GERMANY
- Hitler’s father died in 1903, and his mother later on in 1907, from breast cancer.
- In 1905 Hitler lived in Vienna, which was rife with racism, religious prejudice, and anti-Semitic rhetoric.
- It was here that he began to hate the multicultural and multi-ethnic composition of Austria, so he eventually moved to Munich in 1913.
- The following year, Hitler was eager to serve Germany and prove his loyalty, so he enlisted in the army during the outbreak of the First World War.
- He served until Germany surrendered.
- Upon surrender, Hitler was outraged at the lack of support for Germany from the Jewish population, and people he deemed as socialist. He resolved to get into politics so he could make a change and restore Germany to what he believed to be its full potential.
- Another thing Hitler was not happy about was the Treaty of Versailles, which basically laid blame on Germany for starting the war, and made them pay for many of the damages associated with the war. These payments were called reparations.
- Still in the army, Hitler went to report on a far-right group that was emerging as a result of the war – they were called the German Workers’ Party.
- Hitler agreed with their beliefs, and decided to join.
- He began speaking at rallies, and eventually began engaging in propaganda tactics.
- At the time, the German government was collapsing.
- Hitler saw an opportunity to create the change he desired through revolution, and, when given sole control, took over the party and re-named it the Nazi Party in 1920.
HITLER GETS SENT TO PRISON
- After trying to start a revolution and failing, Hitler was sentenced to 5 years in prison for treason, although he only ended up spending 9 months in jail.
- It was here that he wrote his famous book “Mein Kampf”, which means “my struggle”. In it, he detailed his troubling beliefs.
GERMAN ELECTIONS OF 1932
- With growing nationalism, Hitler’s Nazi Party won 37% of the vote in the 1932 German elections, and he became Chancellor of Germany shortly after.
- Soon after his appointment, Hitler began installing a fascist government, and eventually became dictator of Germany, modeled after his long-time idol, Benito Mussolini, of Italy.
- It wasn’t long before Hitler put in motion plans to expand Germany.
THE NAZI PARTY
- In 1939, Hitler introduced plans to eliminate Jewish people, and other “undesirables” from Germany, which consisted of segregating these people from the rest of the German population.
- These plans were announced at the Nuremberg rally, which occurred every year. Hitler announced that Jewish people were not allowed to have the same rights as Germans, and they were also prohibited from marrying or interacting with Germans.
- Hitler began expanding Germany by annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia.
- When he invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Britain and France declared war.
- Hitler immediately formed an alliance with imperial Japan and fascist Italy.
- He met opposition in the form of the “Allied Powers” of Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
- Hitler and the Nazis used “Blitzkrieg” war tactics, and soon captured much of Europe.
- As the war waged, Hitler decided to contravene the non-aggression pact he signed with Stalin by invading the Soviet Union.
- This distracted him from the increasingly difficult battles that occurred on the western front of Europe from the Allies.
- By 1944, shortly after the Allied victory on D-Day in Normandy, Hitler realized that the Red Army (Soviets) from the east, and the Allies from the west were closing in on him.
- By 1945, Hitler could see no other way to win the war and avoid capture.
- On April 30, 1945, he shot himself, and shortly after, the war was over. His ideals remain immoral to this day.
Adolf Hitler Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Adolf Hitler across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Adolf Hitler worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Adolf Hitler who was the leader of the Nazi Party who initiated the Second World War in 1939 when he invaded Poland. Known as an evil dictator responsible for the death of millions of Jewish people and other minority groups during the Holocaust, Hitler’s life, upbringing and drivers remain of interest in what drove him to such cruelty.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Adolf Hitler Facts
- Adolf Hitler Crossword
- Timeline of Events
- Treaty of Versailles Analysis
- Fill In The Blanks
- Speech Analysis
- Color It True
- Civilians’ Reactions
- Holocaust Memorial Colouring Page
- Cartoon Analysis
- Letter to the Jews
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Link will appear as Adolf Hitler Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 3, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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