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Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party who initiated the Second World War in 1939 when he invaded Poland. Although known as an evil dictator responsible for the death of millions of Jewish people during the Holocaust, Hitler’s life and upbringing is quite compelling and interesting to learn about.
- Adolf Hitler was born in Austria on April 20, 1889 to his mother, Klara, and his father, Alois.
- Hitler’s father had an angry temper, and although Hitler grew up in a relatively comfortable house, he felt intimidated by his father.
- Hitler had 5 siblings – 4 of which died in infancy.
- The death of his brother Edmund in 1900 marked the point when Hitler changed from a confident and outgoing boy to a reclusive and detached boy who fought a lot with his father and his teachers at school.
- Hitler loved painting, and wanted to pursue his passion, but his father didn’t approve, and sent him away to secondary school,
where Hitler purposely did poorly so his father could see how much he was struggling, and let him pursue his artistic dreams.
- Hitler’s father died in 1903, and his mother later on in 1907 from breast cancer.
- In 1905 Hitler lived in Vienna, which was rife with racism, religious prejudice, and anti-Semitic rhetoric. It was here that he began to hate the multicultural and multi-ethnic composition of Austria, so he eventually moved to Munich in 1913.
- The following year, Hitler was eager to serve Germany and prove his loyalty, so he enlisted in the army during the outbreak of the First World War. He served until Germany surrendered.
- Upon surrender, Hitler was outraged at the lack of support for Germany from the Jewish population, and people he deemed as socialist. He resolved to get into politics so he could make a change and restore Germany to its fullest potential.
- Another thing Hitler was not happy about was the Treaty of Versailles, which basically laid blame on Germany for starting the war, and made them pay for many of the damages associated with the war. These payments were called reparations.
- Still in the army, Hitler went to report on a far-right group that was emerging as a result of the war – they were called the German Workers’ Party. Hitler agreed with their beliefs, and decided to join.
- He began speaking at rallies, and eventually began engaging in propaganda tactics. At the time, the German government was collapsing. Hitler saw an opportunity to create change through revolution, and, when given sole control, took over the party and re-named it the Nazi Party in 1920.
- After trying to start a revolution and failing, Hitler was sentenced to 5 years in prison for treason, although he only ended up spending 9 months in jail. It was here that he wrote his famous book “Mein Kampf”, which means “my struggle”.
- In the German elections of 1932, Hitler’s Nazi Party won 37% of the vote, and he became Chancellor of Germany shortly after.
- Soon after his appointment, Hitler began installing a fascist government, and eventually became dictator of Germany, modelled after his long-time idol, Benito Mussolini, of Italy.
- It wasn’t long before Hitler put in motion plans to expand Germany.
- In 1939, Hitler introduced plans to eliminate Jewish people, and other “undesirables” from Germany, which consisted of segregating these people from the rest of the German population.
- These plans were announced at the Nuremberg rally, which occurred every year. Hitler announced that Jewish people were not allowed to have the same rights as Germans, and they were also prohibited from marrying or interacting with Germans.
- Hitler began expanding Germany by annexing Austria and Czechoslovakia. His biggest mistake was invading Poland on September 1, 1939, which is when Britain and France declared war.
- Hitler immediately formed an alliance with Japan and Italy. He met opposition in the form of the “Allied Powers” of Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
- Hitler and the Nazi’s used “Blitzkrieg” war tactics, and soon captured much of Europe.
- As the war waged, Hitler decided to contravene the non-aggression pact he signed with Stalin by invading the Soviet Union.
- This distracted him from the increasingly difficult battles that occurred on the western front of Europe from the Allies.
- By 1944, shortly after the Allied victory on D-Day in Normandy, Hitler realized that the Red Army (Soviets) from the east, and the Allies from the west were closing in on him. By 1945, Hitler could see no other way to win the war and avoid capture.
- On April 30, 1945, he shot himself, and shortly after, the war was over.
- His ideals remain immoral to this day.
Adolf Hitler Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Adolf Hitler Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Adolf Hitler who was the leader of the Nazi Party who initiated the Second World War in 1939 when he invaded Poland.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Adolf Hitler Facts.
- Adolf Hitler Word search.
- Cartoon Analysis.
- Timeline of Events.
- Treaty of Versailles Analysis.
- Adolf Hitler Crossword.
- Holocaust Memorial Coloring Page.
- Fill in the Blanks.
- Speech Analysis.
- True or False?
- Civilian’s Reactions.
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Link will appear as Adolf Hitler Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 8, 2017
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